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Lernout, Geert. The French Joyce. Ann Arbor: U of Michigan P, 1990.


Eagleton, Terry, Fredric Jameson and Edward W. Said. Nationalism, Colonialism, and Literature. Introduction by Seamus Deane. U of Minnesota P, 1990.


Martin, Augustine, editor. James Joyce: The Artist and the Labyrinth. Ryan Publishing, 1990.


Mikhail, E. H., editor. James Joyce: Interviews and Recollections. Macmillan P, 1990.


Lernout, Geert, editor. Finnegans Wake: Fifty Years. Editions Rodopi B. V., 1990.


Kumar, Udaya. The Joycean Labyrinth: Repetition, Time, and Tradition in Ulysses. Oxford UP, 1991. 


Rabate, Jean-Michael. James Joyce, Authorized Reader. Baltimore and London: The John Hopkins University Press, 1991


Carey, Phyllis and Ed Jewinski, eds. RE: JOYCE’N BECKETT. Fordham UP, 1992.

Costello, Peter. James Joyce: The Years of Growth 1882-1915. London: Kyle Cathie, 1992.


Norris, Margot. Joyce’s Web: The Social Unraveling of Modernism. Austin: University Texas Press, 1992.


Wales, Katie. The Language of James Joyce. London: Macmillan, 1992.


Cheng, Vincent J. and Timothy Martin, eds. Joyce in Context. Cambridge: Cambridge UP, 1992.


Fairhall, James. James Joyce and the Question of History. Cambridge: Cambridge UP, 1993.


Friedman, Susan Stanford. Joyce: The Return of the Repressed. Ithaca and London: Cornell U P, 1993.


Seagull, Jeffery. Joyce in America: Cultural Politics and the Trials of Ulysses. Berkeley: U of California P, 1993.


Leonard, Garry. Reading Dubliners Again: A Lacanian Perspective. Syracuse UP, 1993.


Warner, John. Joyce's Grandfathers: Myth and History in Defoe, Smollett, Sterne, and Joyce. U of Georgia P, 1993.


Jackson, John Wyse and Bernard McGinley. James Joyce's Dubliners: An Annotated Edition. Sinclair-Stevenson, 1993.


Duffy, Enda. The Subaltern Ulysses. U of Minnesota P, 1994. 


Schwarz, Daniel R., ed. James Joyce The Dead: Complete, Authoritative Text with Biographical and Historical Contexts, Critical History, and Essays from Five Contemporary Critical Perspectives. Boston: Bedford / St. Martin’s, 1994. 


Gibson, Andrew, ed. European Joyce Studies 3: Reading Joyce’s “Circe.” Amsterdam: Rodopi, 1994.


Thornton, Weldon. The Antimodernism of Joyce’s Portrait of the Artist as a Young Man. Syracuse : Syracuse UP, 1994.


Benstock, Bernard. Narrative Con/Texts in Dubliners. Macmillan P, 1994.

Norris, David and Cark Flint. Joyce for Beginners. Icon Books, 1994. 


Healey, George, editor. The Complete Dublin Diary of Stanislaus Joyce. Anna Livia P, 1994.


Mahaffey, Vicki. Reauthorizing Joyce. Gainesville: University press of Florida, 1995.

Nolan, Emer. James Joyce and Nationalism. London: Routledge. 1995.


Cheng, Vincent J. Joyce, Race, and Empire. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1995.


Fargnoli, A. Nicholas and Michael Patrick Gillespie. James Joyce A-Z: The Essential Reference to the Life and Work. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1995.

Bolger, Dermot. A Dublin Bloom: An Original Free Adaptation of James Joyce's Ulysses. New Island Books, 1995. 


Senn, Fritz. Inductive Scrutinies: Focus on Joyce. The Johns Hopkins UP, 1995.

Bell, Robert H. Jocoserious Joyce: The Fate of Folly in Ulysses. Gainesville: University of Florida, 1996.


Tindall, William York. A Reader’s Guide to FINNEGANS WAKE(1969). New York: Syracuse University Press, 1996.


Beja, Morris and Norris, David, ed. Joyce in the Hibernian Metropolis. Columbus: Ohio State University Press, 1996.


Ingersoll, Earl G. Engendered Trope in Joyce's Dubliners. Carbondale and Edwardsville: outhern Illinois UP, 1996.


Wollaeger, Mark A., Victor Luftig, and Robert Spoo, eds. Joyce and the Subject of History.  Ann Arbor: U of Michigan P, 1996.


Blamires, Harry. The New Bloomsday Book: A Guide Through Ulysses. Routledge, 1996.


Corcoran, Neil. After Yeats and Joyce: Reading Modern Irish Literature. Oxford: Oxford UP, 1997.


Jackson, John Wyse and Peter Costello. John Stanislaus Joyce: The Voluminous Life and Genius of James Joyce's Father. New York: St. Martin's P, 1997.


Power, Mary and Ulrich Schneider, eds. New Perspectives on Dubliners: European Joyce Studies 7. Amsterdam: Rodopi, 1997.


Rice, Thomas Jackson. Joyce, Chaos and Complexity. Urbana and Chicago: University of Illinois Press, 1997.


Theall, Donald. James Joyce's Techno-Poetics. U of Toronto P, 1997.


Platt, Len. Joyce and the Anglo-Irish: A Study of Joyce and the Literary Revival. Amsterdam-Atlanta: Rodopi, 1998.


Weaver, Jack W. Joyce's Music and Noise: Theme and Variation in His Writings. Gainesville: University. Press of. Florida, 1998.


Lamos, Colleen. Deviant Modernism: Sexual and Textual Errancy in T. S. Eliot, James Joyce, and Marcel Proust. Cambridge: Cambridge UP, 1998.


Bosinelli Bollettieri, Rosa M., and Harold F. Mosher Jr., eds. ReJoycing: New Readings of Dubliners. Lexington: UP of Kentucky, 1998.


Knowlton, Eloise. Joyce, Joyceans, and the Rhetoric of Citation. UP of Florida, 1998.


Leonard, Garry. Advertising and Commodity Culture in Joyce. UP of Florida, 1998.


Jackson, John and Peter Costello. John Stanislaus Joyce: The Voluminous Life and Genius of James Joyce's Father. Fourth Estate, 1998.


Rickard, John S. Joyce's Book of Memory: The Mnemotechnic of Ulysses. Duke UP, 1998.


Boheemen-Saaf, Christine van. Joyce, Derrida, Lacan, and the Trauma of History. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1999. 

Terry Eagleton, Fredric Jameson and Edward W. Said / Nationalism, Colonialism, and Literature. Introduction by Seamus Deane (1990)


Eagleton, Terry, Fredric Jameson and Edward W. Said. Nationalism, Colonialism, and Literature. Introduction by Seamus Deane. Minneapolis: U of Minnesota P, 1990. 











Geert Lernout / The French Joyce (1990)


Lernout, Geert. The French Joyce. Ann Arbor: U of Michigan P, 1990.





Chapter 1. Joyce Criticism: The Early Years

Chapter 2. Cixous, Derrida, Lacan

Chapter 3. University Criticism

Chapter 4. Joyce and Tel Quel

Chapter 5. The New Joyce in England and America







The French Joyce, the first book to trace the French critical reception to James Joyce's work, is a major contribution to Joyce scholarship as well as an important historical review of the French intellectual climate from the sixties to present.


Serious French interest in the Irish writer coincided with the rise of poststructuralism, and Lernout pays particular attention to Joycean criticism by Lacan, Derrida, and Cixous, who have provided the basis for psychoanalytical, philosophical, and feminist readings. The French university critics who took Derrida's and Lacan's work as their point of departure are examined, as well as the Tel Quel and Change writers. The author also looks at the effects of French theory on the study of Joyce by American, English, and Irish critics.


The author provides a provocative critique of poststructuralist readings, arguing that such readings are in fact romantic and idealistic, and examines the particularly French climate in which this type of theory could develop and flourish. The French Joyce is essential reading for Joyceans as well as those interested in the historical development of French-born literary theories. It will appeal to students of critical theory and postwar intellectual history.




Udaya Kumar / The Joycean Labyrinth: Repetition, Time, and Tradition in Ulysses(1991)


Kumar, Udaya. The Joycean Labyrinth: Repetition, Time, and Tradition in Ulysses. Oxford UP, 1991.






Note on the Citations of Ulysses


1. Introduction

2. Repetition: Its Modes and Levels

3. The Structure of Ulysses and the Experience of Time

4. Ulysses and the Notion of the Sign

5. Art, Language, and Tradition: Some Remarks on 'Proteus' and Joyce's Aesthetic Theories

6. Conclusion







This powerful and unusual study examines the relations between the textual organization of Ulysses and the notions of time, language, and poetics implicit in the novel. Making use of recent developments in philosophy and liteary theory, Udaya Kumar takes issue with those who, like Richard Ellmann, see Ulysses as a fully coherent text. Instead, he argues that the novel is a complex transitional text involving various degrees of mediation between opposing impulses such as naturalism and schematism, unification and detotalization.

   The book begins with an examination of the pervasive use of repetition in Ulysses and shows that this results in a disruption of linear time and creats a 'textual memory'. This argument is further developed in relation to the question of time and the sign, where Ulysses is shown to display a differentiated and heterogeneous temporal experience. Finally, examining Joyce's early aesthetic theories, Udaya Kumar argues that Ulysses implies a radical notion of tradition as the site of difference and of the work of art as the reperformance of elements from tradition. The concluding chapter clarifies this idea in relation to other strands in modernism and postmodernism.


Jean-Michael Rabate / James Joyce, Authorized Reader (1991)


Rabate, Jean-Michael. James Joyce, Authorized Reader. Baltimore and London: The John Hopkins UP, 1991. 



Abbrebiations and Short Titles
A Portrait of the Reader as a Young Dubliners
Thy Name Is Joy
The Figures of Incestitude
Circe's Stagecraft
Spinning Molly's Yarn
Idiolects, Idiolex
Languages of Eeath
A Portrait of the Author as a Bogeyman



Linking modernist literature with more recent developments in literary theory, Jean-Micahel Rabate's writings on James Joyce have atrracted widespread critical acclaim. Praised by Derrida and others, Rabate's work combines psychoanalytical notions (adopted from Lacan) with more traditional philosophical approaches (Joyce seen in connection with Hegel and Vico, for instance).
Examining Joyce's texts from Dubliners to Finnegans Wake, Rabate traces a number of interconnected issues and relates them to Joyce's own reading and manuscripts sources as well as to recent theoretical discussions. Among these issues are the function of the reader; the role of "perversity" (as opposed to "perversion"); the operation of what Rabate calls "the unconscious of the text"; the uncertainties of authority; the role of family relations in Jouce; and the connections between the idiosyncracies of Joyce's language and questions of idiolect, idiom, and ideology.
"Rabate writes with grace and wit, and his intimate accuaintance with French theoretical discussions informs his thinking at every point without ever becoiming overberaring; it is always Joyce and Joyce's words that hold the center of attention. He also writes  with a grasp  of Joyce scholorship and extends it un several directions. Joyce emerges as a thoroughly European writer, participating in  a culture that goes well beyond the bounds of the English language." Derek Attridge, Rutgers University 







第一章 理論的予備考察

第二章 メタ言語の終焉 ジョージ・エリオットから『ダブリン市民』へ

第三章 物語の終わり 『スティーヴン・ヒーロー』と『若き芸術家の肖像』

第四章 要素の根源的分離 『ユリシーズ』における読者の距離化

第五章 言葉の都市、夢の街路 『ユリシーズ』の航海

第六章 『フィネガンズ・ウェイク』の政治的読解

第七章 ジョイスの政治学












ジェイムズ・ジョイス――20世紀文学でもっとも偉大な変革者。だが、彼のもたらした〈言語革命〉の射程は究められたと言えるだろうか? 優れたジョイス研究者であると同時に、先鋭的な映画理論誌『スクリーン』の中心メンバーのひとりとして、シャープなゴダール論の書き手でもあるコリン・マッケイブは、斬新な視野から、今日ジョイスを読むことの可能性を追求する。構造主義/ポスト構造主義の成果を踏まえ、当時のアイルランドの政治状況を見据えつつ、自己同一性に還元されぬ〈複数の主体〉への果敢なアプローチを試み続けた“政治的ジョイス像”を鮮やかに浮き上がらせる。――いま、改めてジョイスに向かい合うべき時が来ている。


Peter Costello / James Joyce: The Years of Growth 1882-1915 (1992)


Costello, Peter. James Joyce: The Years of Growth 1882-1915. London: Kyle Cathie, 1992. 





Illustrations (86-87, 278-279)


Prologue: 'On the Last Day . . .'


1 The Dead


2 'Baby Tuckoo'

3 Clongowes Wood

4 Bray adn Eileen

5 The Shadow of Parnell

6 The City

7 Belvedere

8 Sin and Savation


9 The Summer of 1898

10 On St Stephen'S Green

11 The Drama of Life


12 Interlude: 'Emma Clery'


13 Faubourg St Patrice

14 A Bowl of Green Bile

15 Stephen Dedalus


16 'Nora'

17 Dubliners on the Adriatic

18 Rome: An Infernal Machine

19 A Portrait of the Artsit

20 The Haunted Inkbottle

21 Exiles


22 The Living and the Dead

Appendeix I: Joyce's Holoscope

Appendix II:

Family Trees

Pedigree of Stephen

James Joyce

The Flynn Family

The Murray Family

The O'Connell Family

James Joyce's Immediate Family

James Joyce's Genetic Make-Up


Notes on Sources




Margot Norris / Joyce’s Web: The Social Unraveling of Modernism (1992)


Norris, Margot. Joyce’s Web: The Social Unraveling of Modernism. Austin: U Texas P, 1992. 






Chapter 1. Texual Raveling: A Critical and Theoretical Introduction

1. Joycean Canonization and Modernism

2. Joyce, Feminism, and the Ideologically Self-Critical Text

3. Intertexted Weavings

Chapter 2. Patronage and Censorship: The Production of Art in the Social Real

1. Patronage as Communist “Grace”

2. Ibsen, Censorship, and Art’s Social Function in Stephen Hero

Chapter 3. Stephen Dedalus, Oscar Wilde, and the Art of Lying

Chapter 4. “Shem the Penman”: Joyce’s Tenemental Text

1. Cranly, Materialism, and Art

 2. Shem as Bête Noire of Modernism


Chapter 5. “Who killed Julia Morkan?”: The Gender Politics of Art in “The Dead”         

1. Stifled Back Answers

2. The Woman as Objet d’Art

3. Woman as the Other Woman

4. Songs, Romance, and the Social Real

5. The Silencing of Female Art

Chapter 6. Narration under a Blindfold: Reading the “Patch” of “Clay”

Chapter 7. The Work Song of the Washerwomen in “Anna Livia Plurabelle”

1. Samuel Butler and the Desublimation of Myth

2. The Social Politics of Washerwomen in History

3. Washerwomen’s Working Talk

4. Ablution and Absolution

Chapter 8. Modernism, Myth, and Desire in “Nausicaa"


Chapter 9. The Politics of Childhood in “The Mime of Mick, Nick, and the Maggies”

1. Tea Parties 

 2. Exile

 3. Home


Works Consulted



Ed. Carey Phyllis and Ed Jewinski / RE:JOCYE'N BECKETT (1992)


Carey, Phyllis and Ed Jewinski, editors. RE: JOYCE’N BECKETT. New York: Fordham UP, 1992. 







1. Richard Ellmann’s James Joyce and Deirdre Bair’s Samuel Beckett: A Biography: The Triumphs and Trials of Literary Biography


2.  Joyce, Beckett and the Short Story in Oreland


3. Beckett, Joyce, and Irish Writing: The Example of Beckett’s “Dubliners” Story


4. “For This Relief Much Thanks”: Leopold Bloom and Beckett’s Use of Allusion.


5. Beckett Re-Joycing: Words and Music.


6. “The More Joyce Knew the More He Could and “More Than I could”: Theology and Fictional Technique in Joyce and Beckett


7. Textually Uninhibited: The Playfulness of Joyce and Beckett.


8. Stephen Dadalus, Balacqua Shuah, and Dante’s Pieta


9. Krapping Out: Images of Flow and Elimination as Creation in Joyce and Beckett


10. Authorship, Authority, and Self-Reference IN Joyce and Beckett


11. James Joyce and Samuel Beckett: From Epiphany to Anti-Epiphany


12. Beckett et Joyce et Beckett-esque: A One-Act Play


13. Joyce and Beckett: A preliminary Checklist of Publications


About the Contributors





This ground-breaking collection of essays combines the efforts of twelve contributors to explore previously uncharted paths in the literary relationship between James Joyce and Samuel Beckett, two of the foremost writers of the twentieth century. Eleven essays, written by scholars from Canada, England, the United States, and New Zealand, throw new light on the biographies, texts, techniques, and artistic consciousness of Joyce and Beckett as well as on fundamental questions of literary authority and influence. In addition, the volume contains the first working bibliography devoted exclusively to the Joyce-Beckett relationship. The collection culminates with an original one-act play that celebrates both writers in, with, and through the language that they each explored so profoundly.


The eleven essays provide a number of avenues for discussing the literary relationship between Joyce and Beckett: Melvin Friedman assesses the strengths and weaknesses of the Joyce and Beckett biographies by Richard Ellmann and Deidra Bair. John Fletcher and John P. Harrington provide complementary studies of two of Beckett’s early short stories in relation to their possible “counterparts” in Dubliners. James Acheson and David Cohen both draw on Ulysses and various works by Beckett to focus attention on links and divergencies between the two writers in their uses of allusions. Analyzing fictional techniques, Michael Patrick Gillespie foregrounds the impulse for gaming that Joyce and Beckett both employ as a narrative strategy. Alan Loxterman explores the techniques both writers use to raise Phyllis Carey provide complementary reading of artistic consciousness, Brienza drawing attention to bodily fluids and elimination as images of creation, and Carey focusing on the divergent debts of both writers to Dante. Finally, Steven Connor and Ed Jewinski attack the problems od “authority” and “influence,” respectively, in the process illuminating differences in modernist and postmodernist understandings of theses concepts.


A bibliography of well over one hundred entries, compiled by John P. Harrington, lists the most substantive discussions of the Joyce Beckett relationship Denis Regan’s one-act play, Beckett relationship. Denis Regan’s one act play, Becket et Joyce et Beckettesque, creates a medley od Beckett and Joyce echoes through imaginative dialogues in the afterlife mind of Samuel Beckett. Although the volume was in progress when Samuel Beckett died in December 1989, it now serves as a memorial and a tribute to both Samuel Beckett and James Joyce.


PHYLLIS CAREY is Associate Professor of English at Mount Mary College, Milwaukee, Wisconsin. She has published on Joyce and Beckett in the James Joyce Quarterly, has delivered papers on Joyce-Beckett panels in Frankfurt and Milwaukee, and has published several essays on Beckett. She is currently co-editing a collection of essays on Seamus Heaney and working on a book-length study of Beckett and Vaclav Havel.


ED Jewenski is Associate Professor of English at Wilfrid Laurier University, Waterloo, Ontario. He is the co-editor of Magic Realism in Canadian Literature and has published articles on Beckett, Lawrence, and several Canadian writers, including Leacock, Livesay, Birney, and Pratt. He has served on the editorial board of The English Quarterly, Jewish Dialogue, and The New Quarterly. 


Katie Wales / The Language of James Joyce (1992)


Wales, Katie. The Language of James Joyce. London: Macmillan, 1992.





Acknowledgement  and Editions Used

Abbreviations and Symbols

1 Joyce and Irish English

1.1 Introduction: The History of English in Ireland

1.2 Joyce and Hiberno-English

1.3 Joyce and Anglo-Irish Literature

1.4 Conclusion: The Joycean Paradox

2 Joyce and Rhetoric: Dubliners and A Portrait of tech Artist as a Young Man

2.1 Introduction: Joyce and Rhetoric

2.2 Repetition in Dubliners 

2.3 Emotive Rhetoric in A Portrait of the Artist as a Young Man

2.4 Conclusion: A Portrait of the Artist as a Rhetorician

3 Joyce's Voices in Ulysses 

3.1  The Voices of Ulysses

3.2 'The Steady Monologue of the Interiors' (FW: 119)

3.3 The 'Inner Voices' of Stephen Daedalus and Leopolod Bloom

3.4 The Female Voice: Molly's Monologue

3.5 Conclusion: The Dialogue of Voices in Ulysses

4 The Play of Language in Ulysses

4.1 Introduction: Joyce and the Lidic(rous)

4.2 The Play of Sound and Symbol

4.3 Dislocations of Syntax

4.4  Lexical Creativity 

4.5 Licenses of Meaning

4.6 Comic Word-Play

4.7 The Art of Parody

4.8 Conclusion: A Portrait of the Artist as a Joker

5 The 'ideal Reader' of Finnegans Wake

5.1 Introduction: To Read, or Not to Read . . .

5.2 The Reader's Progress to Finnegans Wake

5.3 Putting the Language to Sleep

5.4 Here Comes Everything: Endlessly Repeated

5.5 'The Key to. Given!' (FW: 628)

5.6 Conclusion: The 'Ideal Reader of Finnegans Wake Appendix to Chapter 5


Further Reading





The Language of James Joyce offers the First comprehensive survey of Joyce's language since Anthony Burgess's Joysprick in 1973, and offers an up-to-date approach in the light of recent work in stylistics, feminist theory and Bkhtinian theory of the novel. It also attempts to place Joyce's work very clearly in the Anglo-Irish tradition, and offers a detailed chapter therefore on Joyce's use of Hiberno-English. The book is written specifically for undergraduate student s and general readers interested in Joyce who may lack a linguistic background. None the less the book aims to show that no student Joyce can afford to ignore such an important dimension of his writing.


Vincent J. Cheng and Timothy Martin, eds. / Joyce in Context (1992)


Cheng, Vincent J. and Timothy Martin, editors. Joyce in Context. Cambridge: Cambridge UP, 1992.




List of illustrations 

Notes on contributors 




Editors'  introduction


1  The 1989 conference: a retrospect

    Timothy Martin



2  Is there a case against Ulysses? 

    Denis Donoghue

3  Woolf and Joyce: reading and re/vision

    Johanna X. K. Garvy

4  Joyce and Ford Madox Ford

    Vincent J. Cheng

5  Joyce and Freud: discontent and its civilizations

    Brian W. Shaffer



6  Cheating on the father: Joyce and gender justice in Ulysses

    Colleen R. Lamos

7  Demythologizing nationalism: Joyce's dialogized Grail myth

    Theresa O'Connor

8  Joyce and Michelet: why watch Molly menstruate?

    Bonnie Kime Scott

9  Re-visioning Joyce’s masculine signature

    Suzette Henke



10  "Scrupulous meanness" reconsidered: Dubliners as stylistic parody

    Roy Gottfried

11  Joyce and Lacan: the twin narratives of History and His[S]tory in the "Nestor" chapter of Ulysses

    Garry M . Leonard

12  Joyce and Homer: return, disguise, and recognition in "Ithaca"

    Constance  V. Tagopoulos

13  James Joyce and cartoons

    Dan Schiff 



14  Refining himself out of existence: the evolution of Joyce's aesthetic theory and the  drafts of A Portrait 

     Ian Crump

15  Entering the lists: sampling early catalogues

     Fritz Senn

16  Cataloguing in Finnegans Wake: counting counties

     Bernard Benstock

17  Translating Ulysses, East and West

     Di Jin




James Fairhall / James Joyce and the Question of History (1993)


Fairhall, James. James Joyce and the Question of History. Cambridge: Cambridge UP, 1993. 




List of illustrations


List of abbreviations


Introduction: What is History?

1   The murders in the park

2   Literary politics

3   The paralyzed city

4   Growing into history

5   Ulysses and the Great War

6   Reforming the wor(l)d

7   Afterword: language and history








This ground-breaking book examines the work of James Joyce as a response to Irish and European history. Fairhall situates Joyce in his historical moment and explores Joyce's attitudes towards colonialism, nationalism, World War I, gender, and class. Although the book draws on a wide range of critical theories, it is clearly written and is accessible to any reader interested in the relation between Joyce's works and history.


'An exemplary analysis ... No reader of Joyce could fail to benefit from this discussion.'

Irish Studies Review


'An excellent book. To the vexed question of the political dimensions of Joyce's writings it brings an awareness of the complexity of the relation between literary texts and historical contexts, while at the same time providing historical material that will enrich readings of his works.'

Derek Attridge


Susan Stanford Friedman, ed / Joyce: The Return of the Repressed (1993)


Friedman, Susan Stanford, ed. Joyce: The Return of the Repressed. Ithaca and London: Cornell UP, 1993. 





     List of Abbreviations for Texts by James Joyce



       Susan Stanford Friedman


PART I   Making the Artist of Modernity: Stephen Hero, Portrait, Ulysses   

   1 (Self)Censorship and the Making of Joyce’s Modernism     

      Susan Stanford Friedman   

   2 Pharmaconomy: Stephen and the Daedalids     

      Alberto Moreiras

PART II  Repression and the Return of Cultural History: Dubliners and Portrait   

   3 Uncanny Returns in “The Dead”: Ibsenian Intertexts and the Estranged Infant     

      Robert Spoo   

   4 A Portrait of the Romantic Poet as a Young Modernist: Literary History as Textual Unconscious

      Jay Clayton   

   5 Simon’s Irish Rose: Famine Songs, Blackfaced Minstrels, and Woman’s Repression in A Portrait

      Richard Pearce

PART III  Narratives of Gender, Race, and Sex: Ulysses   

   6 Races and Chains: The Sexuo-Racial Matrix in Ulysses     

      Laura Doyle   

   7 Staging Sexuality: Repression, Representation, and “Interior” States in Ulysses     

      Joseph A. Boone

PART IV  Incest, Narcissism, and the Scene of Writing: Ulysses and Finnegans Wake   

   8 The Preservation of Tenderness: A Confusion of Tongues in Ulysses and Finengans Wake

      Marilyn L. Brownstein   

   9 Texual Mater: Writing the Mother in Joyce      

      Ellen Carol Jones 

  10 Mothers of Invention/Doaters of Inversion: Narcissan Scenes in Finnegans Wake     

      Christine Froula   


     Notes on Contributors   





“A vital collection that skillfully combines analysis of the art of Joyce and the ideas of Freud with the exciting new insights of cultural criticism. The quality of the essay is extraordinarily high, and this synthesis of Freud and social issues suits the latest trends in a powerful way.”

―Sheldon Brivic, Temple University


Did James Joyce, that icon of modernity, spearhead the dismantling of the Cartesian subject? Or was he a supreme example of a modern man forever divided and never fully known to himself? 

     This volume reads the dialogue of contradictory cultural voices in Joyce's works – revolutionary and reactionary, critical and subject to critique, marginal and central. It includes ten essays – all but two of them published here for the first time – that identify repressed elements in Joyce's writings and examine how psychic and cultural repressions persistently surface in his texts. Individual chapters explore interconnections among the psychic and the political, the textual and the historical, theerotic and the linguistic in Stephen Hero, Dubliners, A Portrait of the Artist as a Young Man, Ulysses, and FinnegansWake. Adapting divergent methodologies, the essays employ interpretive strategies drawn from psychoanalytic criticism, feminist criticism, new historicism, deconstruction, narrative theory, Marxism, and cultural studies.

     The first collection of psychoanalytically oriented essays devoted entirely to Joyce, this book will be invaluable for students and scholars of literary theory, psychoanalytic and feminist criticism, and cultural studies, and others with an interest in literary modernism and Irish literature.


CONTRIBUTORS: Joseph A. Bone. Marylyn L. Brownstein. Jay Clayton. Laura Doyle. Susan Stanford Friedman. Christine Froula. Ellen Carol Jones. Alberto Moreiras. Richard Pearce. Robert Spoo.


SUSAN STANFORD FREIDMAN is Virginia Woolf Professor of English and Women’s Studies at the University of Wisconsin, Madison. She is also the author of Psyche Reborn: The Emergence of H.D. and Penelope’s Web: Gender, Modernity, H.D.’s Fiction and the coeditor, with Rachel Blau DuPlessis, of Signets: Reading H.D.


Jeffrey Segall / Joyce in America: Cultural Politics and the Trials of Ulysses (1993)


Segall, Jeffery. Joyce in America: Cultural Politics and the Trials of Ulysses. Berkeley: U of California P, 1993.




Introduction: The Polemics of Our Portraits.

1.  "James Joyce or Socialist Realism?" Marxist Aesthetics and the Problem of Ulysses

2.  "Kulturbolschewismus Is Here": Joyce and American Cultural Conservatism

3.  Between Marxism and Modernism: Joyce and the Dissident Left

4.  "On the Side of the Angels": Joyce and the New Critics

5.  The High Priest of Their Imagination: Joyce and His Catholic Critics

Conclusion: The Politics of Parallax, or the Transubstantiation of Joyce's Political Soul


Works Cited





"We must understand the controversy that enveloped Ulysses during the 1920s and 1930s as a demonstration of both its real and its symbolic powers of provocation. Readers praised or denounced it for what it was (as much as they could construe this) as well as for what it represented (often determined without the benefit—or burden—of having read it). It was difficult to separate Ulysses from the aura of notoriety surrounding it, a task made more difficult by the novel's obscurity (particularly in the years before the publication of Stuart Gilbert's James Joyce's "Ulysses" in 1930) and by its unavailability. American readers in particular often viewed Ulysses as symptomatic of a host of social, cultural, and political changes they deplored. Judgments for or against Ulysses frequently reflected a critic's own hope or anxiety over an age in which, as Marx had prophesied, all that was solid seemed to be melting into air. Ulysses became a cultural nexus over which critics with opposed ideological perspectives did battle."

 In America, allegations that Ulysses was both obscene and blasphemous heightened interest in it and created controversy even before it was permitted to be published in 1933. Moralists and ideologues from various quarters found in Ulysses an amorphous but still attractive target for their suspicions and outrage. Three issues of the Little Review , which serialized Ulysses from 1918 to 1920, were seized and banned by the U.S. Post Office, and in September, 1920, the New York Society for the Prevention of Vice lodged an official complaint against its editors, Margaret Anderson and Jane Heap. In February of 1921, Heap and Anderson were convicted of publishing obscenity, fined fifty dollars, and prohibited from publishing additional chapters from Ulysses . It was not until Judge John M. Woolsey's historic decision lifting the ban on Ulysses on December 6, 1933 (upheld by the District Court of Appeals on August 8, 1934) that Ulysses could be legally published and sold in America "(Introduction, ii-iii)




スタニスロース・ジョイス『兄の番人―若き日のジェイムズ・ジョイス』宮田恭子訳、みすず書房 1993年 

⇒原著 Joyce, Stanislaus. My Borther's Keeper. The Viking P, 1969.




 序文 T.S. エリオット

 序論 リチャード・エルマン

第一章 土壌

第二章 発芽

第三章 早春

第四章 成熟

第五章 開花







「本書は、有名な作家と、その存在を世に知られることのなかった弟の関係を見事に描いている。……私はこの本を二回読んだ……兄の回想というテーマにとりつかれたスタニスロースは、肌に刺さった刺に苛立ちながらも、彼自身作家となり、兄の作品と並んで書架に永遠の座を占める本の著者となった」(T.S. エリオット)





川口喬一『「ユリシーズ」演義』 研究社出版、1994. 





第一章 マーテロ塔にて

「ワレ神ノ祭壇ニ赴カン」「二つの強く鋭いホイッスルが……」先行詞のない代名詞 情報伝達のギャップ ディエゲーシスとミメーシス 岸辺に何人の人物がいるか? 独白の中の引用文


第二章 デイジー校長の学校で

「ムネーモシュネーの娘たちが……」 授業風景 スティーヴンの月給


第三章 サンディマウントの浜辺にて

 産婆のカバンと砂まみれの雨傘 プラムをかじる老婆たち 変容する人物たち 試作するスティーヴン 牧神の時 「三本マストの帆船が……」


第四章 ブルーム家の朝

ミスター・ブルームの朝の装束 ブルーム家の朝食 行き交う手紙たち 娘ミリーからの手紙 後架上の芸術家ブルーム


第五章 街を行くヘンリー・フラワー

郵便局のほうへ マーサ・クリフォードからの手紙 薬局へ行くレオポルド・ブルーム アスコット・ゴールド・カップ競馬


第六章 グラスネヴィン墓地に向けて

葬儀車は行く 「彼は午後にやって来る」 父の死 艀に乗った男は誰か? 視界から消えるブルーム 一三番目の男は誰か? ブルームは独り


第七章 新聞社にて

新聞の見出しのもとに 職業人ブルーム 電話をするブルーム ブルーム退場 起源なき反復――デイジー校長の投稿論文 レネハンの競馬情報 ムーニー酒場へ ブルームとスティーヴン――語りの多層化 見出し――テクストを切り裂くもう一つの声


第八章 昼飯どきのブルーム

チラシとカモメ 移動するメッセージ 「あのころは幸せだった」 ホウス岬の羊歯の陰で ブルームの終末意識 迫りくるボイランの時間 ブルームの懐中時計――もう一つの装具 「クロース・エンカウンター」――ボイランがいる 


第九章 図書館にて

伝記的解釈 シェイクスピア論 アントラクト(幕間狂言) ジャンルの越境 戯れる語り手 すれ違うスティーヴンとブルーム


第一〇章 ダブリンの人びと

一九の基本的情景 コンミー神父――持続する物語 同時性と異所性 一組の男女 モリーとボイラン 立ち読みするミスター・ブルーム 排除としての意識の流れ ダブリン城の馬車と救急車――因果律と偶発性 アイルランド総監のお通りだ


第一一章 オーモンド・ホテルにて

序曲あるいはオーケストラ・チューニング 二つのテクストの並列 盗用する語り手 合流するテクストたち リリリン・シャラリン――移動するボイラン 注文する人/給仕する人 「メット・ヒム・パイク・ホージズ」 手紙を書くブルーム 遠ざかる音/近づく音 トン・トン・トン――ピアノ調律師が戻って来る ルル・プルル――退場するブルーム


第一二章 キアナンの酒場にて

一人称の語り――語るのは誰か 一つ目巨人の洞窟にて またしてもブルーム夫人 「国家とは何だと思いますか?」 噂の中のブルーム――ユダヤ性 パロディ――昇天するエリヤ・ブルーム ジョイスの文体練習――三三のパロディ集 パロディの動機 アンチ・ナレーションに向けて はじめにパロディありき


第一三章 ふたたびサンディマウントの浜辺にて

初夏の夕暮れ ガーティ・マクダウェル 教会と浜辺――並列する描写 蹴られたボール おお罪人よ!――テクストの交接 懐中時計と花火 現象学者ブルームの考察 モリーとマルヴィーとボイランとブルーム ガーティは誰か 浜辺の謎の男について ディエゲーシスの残滓 夕刊を買うディグナム少年 砂に書かれたメッセージ


第一四章 産院にて

産院での出来事 文体の歴史――言語の不透明化 ブルームと六人の仲間たち バニヤンの説話物語 マリガンとバノンの登場 スターン的「ドゥーブル・アンタンドル」 ゴシック・ロマンス――ヘインズの亡霊 ルビー色の三角印 ブルームとスティーヴンの出会い 最後の御言葉――バークの店へ!


第一五章 夜の街にて

プロローグ――幽鬼の街へ ブルーム登場 地獄の門に向けて――裁かれるブルーム 娼家の戸口にて――ジャガイモを失うブルーム 新しき女性的男性と偽救世主 ブルームとスティーヴン――幻想の並列 偽雨合羽の男――ボイラン? 娼家の女将ベラ・コーエン 娼家での支払い 「どこかで手を怪我したらしい」 ブルームの夢/スティーヴンの夢 死の舞踏 黒ミサ――「ダブリン燃える」


第一六章 御者溜まりにて

既製品としての言語 確認される情報――再登場する人物 「名前がなんだ」――船乗りマーフィーの法螺話 プリマドンナ――色あせた一枚の写真 「アイルランドが大切なわけは……」 新聞を読むブルーム 家路をたどるブルーム父子(?)


第一七章 ふたたびブルーム家にて

教理問答 ブルーム家に向けて 鍵を持たぬ二人 食器戸棚の中身 引きちぎられた馬券 語りの無償性 ストゥーム/ブリーヴン 滞在の勧め 裏庭――荒野への脱出 居間のブルーム 収支決算書 引き出しの中身 エピローグ


第一八章 女/性のファンタジー

「明日の朝食はベッドで」 最後の交渉 ボイランとの情事 ジブラルタルの思い出 誤用作者モリー 歌うモリー ブルームの恋文 「倒錯者」ブルーム スティーヴンについて ロードデンドロンの











Enda Duffy / The Subaltern Ulysses (1994)


Duffy, Enda. The Subaltern Ulysses. Minneapolis: U of Minnesota P, 1994. 





Notes on the Text

Introduction: Postcolonialism and Modernism: The Case of Ulysses

  1. Mimic Beginnings: Nationalism, Ressentiment, and the Imagined Community in the Opening of Ulysses
  2. Traffic Accidents: The Modernist Flanuer and Postcolonial Culture
  3. "And I Belong to a Race . . .": The Spectacle of the Native and the Politics of Partition in "Cyclops"
  4. "The Whores Will Be Busy": Terrorism, Prostitution, and the Abject Woman in "Circe"
  5. Molly Alone: Questioning Community and Closure in the "Nostos"






In the years between 1914 and 1921, as Joyce was composing Ulysses, Ireland became the first colony of the British Empire to gain its independence in this century after a violent anticolonial war. Duffy juxtaposes Ulysses against documents and photographs from the archives of both empire and insurgency, as well as against recent postcolonial literary texts, in order to analyze the political unconscious of subversive strategies, including twists on class and gender, that render patriarchal colonialist culture unfamiliar. 

     Ulysses, Duffy argues, is actually a guerrilla text, and he demonstrates how Joyce's novel pinpoints colonial regimes of surveillance, mocks imperial stereotypes of the "native," exposes nationalism and other chauvinisitic ideologies of "imagined community" as throwbacks to the colonial ethos, and proposes versions of a postcolonial subject. A significant intervention in the massive "Joyce industry" founded on the rhetoric and aesthetics of high modernism, Duffy's insights show us both Ulysses and the origins of postcolonial textuality in a startling new way.


Enda Duffy is assistant professor of English at the University of California, Santa Barbara.






Daniel R. Schwarz, ed. / James Joyce The Dead (1994)


Schwarz, Daniel R., ed. James Joyce The Dead: Complete, Authoritative Text with Biographical and Historical Contexts, Critical History, and Essays from Five Contemporary Critical Perspectives. Boston: Bedford / St. Martin’s, 1994 .



About the Series
About This Volume

PART ONE “The Dead”: The Complete Text
Introduction: Biographical and Historical Contexts
The Complete Text


PART TWO “The Dead”: A Case Study in Contemporary Criticism
A Critical History of “The Dead”

Psychoanalytic Criticism and “The Dead”
What Is Psychoanalytic Criticism?
Psychoanalytic Criticism: A Selected Bibliography
A Psychoanalytic Perspective:
 DANIEL R. SCHWARZ, Gabriel Conroy’s Psyche: Character as Concept in Joyce’s “The Dead”

Reader-Response Criticism and “The Dead”
What Is Reader-Response Criticism?
A Reader-Response Criticism: A Selected Bibliography
A Reader-Response Perspective:
       PETER J. RABINOWITZ, “A Symbol of Something”: Interpretive Vertigo in “The Dead”

The New Historicism and “The Dead”
What Is the New Historicism?
The New Historicism: A Selected Bibliography
A New Historicist Perspective:
       MICHAEL LEVENSON, Living History in “The Dead”

Feminist Criticism and “The Dead”
What Is Feminist Criticism?
Feminist Criticism: A Selected Bibliography
A Feminist Perspective:
       MARGOT NORRIS, Not the Girl She Was at All: Women in “The Dead”

Deconstruction and “The Dead”
What Is Deconstruction?
Deconstruction: A Selected Bibliography
A Deconstructionist Perspective:
       JOHN PAUL RIQUELME, For Whom the Snow Taps: Style and Repetition in “The Dead”


Glossary of Critical and Theoretical Terms
About the Contributors




About this volume
This edition of Joyce’s classic short story from Dubliners presents the 1969 Viking critical edition, prepared by Robert Scholes, along with five critical essays – newly commissioned or revised for a student audience – that read The Dead from five contemporary critical perspectives:


 Psychoanalytic Criticism by Daniel R. Schwarz
 Reader-Response Criticism by Peter J. Rabinowitz
 The New Historicism by Michael Levenson
 Feminist Criticism by Margot Norris
 Deconstruction by Jean Paul Riquelme


Each critical essay is accompanied by a succinct introduction to the history, principles, and practice of the critical perspective, and by a bibliography that promotes further exploration of that approach.

In addition, the text and essays are complemented by an introduction providing biographical and historical contexts to Joyce and The Dead, a survey of critical responses to the novel since its initial publication, and a glossary of critical and theoretical terms.


Gibson, Andrew, ed / European Joyce Studies 3: Reading Joyce’s “Circe.” (1994)


Gibson, Andrew, ed. European Joyce Studies 3: Reading Joyce’s “Circe.” Amsterdam: Rodopi, 1994.




Bibliographical Note



Andrew Gibson


Ulysses 15 and the Irish Literary Theatre

L.H. Platt


“Circe” as Harking Back in Provective Arrangement

Fritz Senn


‘Jigajiga…Yummyyum…Pfuiiiiiii!...Bbbbblllllblblblblobschb!’ “Circe’s” Ventriloquy

Steven Connor


‘Toft’s Cumbersome Whirligig’: Hallucinations, Theatricality and Mnemotechnic in V.A.19 and the First Edition Text of “Circe”

R.G. Hampson


‘Strangers in my House, Bad Manners to Them!’: England in “Circe”

Andrew Gibson


‘Everything’ in "Circe"

Richard Brown


‘Bloom Passes Through Several Walls’: The Stage Directions in “Circe”

Katie Wales


Appendix: The Deliverer and Ulysses 15

L.H. Platt


Weldon Thornton / The Antimodernism of Joyce’s Portrait of the Artist as a Young Man. (1994)


Thornton, Weldon. The Antimodernism of Joyce’s Portrait of the Artist as a Young Man. Syracuse : Syracuse UP, 1994.







1.  Introduction


PART ONE Contexts

2.  Literary Modernism

3.  Joyce’s Assumptions and Aims

4.  The Antimodernist Implications of the Bildungsroman


PART TWO A Portrait of the Artist

5.  The Structures

6.  The Verbal Simulation of Stephen’s Psychic Milieu

7.  Motif/Complex/Allusion





Emer Nolan / James Joyce and Nationalism (1995)


Nolan, Emer. James Joyce and Nationalism. London: Routledge. 1995.




        List of Abbreviations






 Preface: Joyce and Yeats

 Nationality and Literature: The Case of “The Dead”

 Portrait of an Aesthete

 ‘The Battle of Two Civilizations’: Joyce and Decolonization



 Preface: Stories and Styles


 The Nightmare of History

 The Living Dead


3  ‘TALKING ABOUT INJUSTICE’: Parody, Satire and Invective in Ulysses

 Preface: Language and Community

 The Cyclops

 Forgiveness and Forgetfulness



 Terrorism in Ulysses

 ‘Circe’ and 1916


5  ‘POOR LITTLE BRITTLE MAGIC NATION’: Finnegans Wake as a post-colonial novel



 Preface: ‘The Flesh that Always Affirms’?

 Women and the Nation









Joyce’s relationship to Ireland and Ireland’s relationship to Joyce are intricate issues that have been too often simplified into ready-made oppositions. Emer Nolan exposes the congealed form of these oppositions and shows how they have begun to dissolve in contemporary circumstances. The politics of nationalism and the aesthetics of modernism are re-examined in relation to Joyce’s text to produce a critique of the distinction between a ‘metropolitan’ and a ‘provincial’ Joyce as an explanation for the conflictual elements in his work.

The book asks how the Joyce we read now has been constituted by modernism and how modernism itself has been in part constituted by its appropriation of Joyce. Equally, it asks us to reconsider the avowed hostility of Joyce’s writings to Irish nationalism and the new bearings of his work revealed by post-structuralist and feminist theory.

James Joyce and Nationalism is a timely and groundbreaking work, and an invaluable contribution to Joyce studies.


Vicki Mahaffey / Reauthorizing Joyce (1995)


Mahaffey, Vicki. Reauthorizing Joyce. Gainesville: UP of Florida, 1995. 




Foreward to the Paperback Edition by Bernard Bernard

Preface to the Paperback Edition


List of Abbreviations



Part I “Unitary” Authority

 1 The Myth of a Mastermind


Part II Double Authority

 2 Authority of the Artist as a Young Man

 3 Reflection and Obscurity in Ulysses


Part III Multiple Authorities 

 4 Text Styles, Textiles, and the Textures of Ulysses


Postscript: “Preseeding” Authorities: Reading Backward 

Works Cited





"A particularly rich deconstructive reading of Joyce's texts as well as, by implication, a telling critique of those who 'authorize' and represent Joyce within the 'academic institution'."--Bryan Cheyette, Times Literary Supplement


"Mahaffey's most impressive argument is linking language and clothing (the word 'text' derives from texere, meaning 'to weave').  She demonstrates how language functions like material woven of likenesses and differences by analyzing several patterns of weaving in Joyce's work. . . .  Language, the clothing of thought, and clothing, the language of flesh, represent two modes of authority, two processes of reading the world.Reauthorizing Joyce artfully demonstrates how Joyce educates the reader to recognize the interrelationship of these two authorities."--Robert D. Newman, South Atlantic Review


"A welcome study written by an engaging mind.  Most Joyceans, especially those who are responsive to post-structuralist and feminist ideas, will read it with great interest and return to it often."--Charles Rossman, James Joyce Quarterly


"Mahaffey makes her way from Dubliners to the Wake, showing not only Joyce-the-Mastermind but also Joyce the Weaver of textile and text-styles."--Carol Shloss, Modern Fiction Studies


Vicki Mahaffey argues that for James Joyce, language is the most important link between the unconscious and the socio-historical.  It serves as a precise link beween the psychological and the political, between the individual and the communal, between the future and the past.  Quoting Finnegans Wake, Mahaffey describes language as a bag full of "presents."


 This first paperback edition of Reauthorizing Joyce suggests that the reader's role in relation to Joyce's novels is more active and significant than is usually the case.  "Reading Joyce goes beyond entertainment into 'hands on' instruction about how to perceive and process language more productively, enjoyably, and responsibly.  Joyce provides readers with novels that are workshops in interpretive responsibility and sensual perceptiveness."


Language, according to Mahaffey, is the real hero of Joyce's work.  This study shows how language functions in Joyce as an index to unconscious desires and as a record of how people have responded to the sensual aspects of language through time.


About the Author


Vicki Mahaffey is associate professor of English at the University of Pennsylvania.  She has written numerous book chapters and articles, many on James Joyce, for journals such as Critical Inquiry  and James Joyce Quarterly.


Vincent J. Cheng / Joyce, Race, and Empire (1995)


Cheng, Vincent J. Joyce, Race, and Empire. Cambridge: Cambridge UP, 1995.



90's以後のポストコロニアル批評のあり方を決定づけた一冊。サイードのオリエンタリズム、バーバのミミック理論、アンダーソンの想像の共同体論、グラムシのヘゲモニー論などを援用しながら、ジョイスの全作品を網羅的にポスト・コロニアリズムの観点から分析している。Chengの狙いは一言で言えば、ジョイス論を「美学」から「政治」へと、すなわち「モダニズム」から「ポスト・コロニアリズム」へと転換させることである。とりわけ優れていると思うのが、これまであまり注目されてこなかったジョイスのエッセイや講演から(The Critical Writings of James Joyce)、ジョイスの政治性を抜き出していることだろう。




List of illustarations
Foreword by Derek Attridge
List of abbreviations


 1. Introduction
 2. Catching the conscience of a race
     Coda: The case of Stephen D(a)edalus


Dubliners: colonialist symptomatics
 3. Dubliners: the exoticized and Orientalized Other
 4. The gratefully oppressed: Joyce’s Dubliners
 5. Empire and patriarchy in “The Dead”


Ulysses: imagining selves and nations
 6. Imagining selves
 7. Imagining nations
 8. Imagining futures: nations, narratives, selves


Finnegans Wake: forays
 9.  White horse, dark horse: Joyce’s allhorse of another color
10. The general and the sepoy: imperialism and power in the Museyroom
11. Conclusion


Works cited


Fargnoli, A. Nicholas and Michael Patrick Gillespie / James Joyce A-Z: The Essential Reference to the Life and Work (1995)

JJBN: Fagnoli & GILLESPIE-1995

Fargnoli, A. Nicholas and Michael Patrick Gillespie. James Joyce A-Z: The Essential Reference to the Life and Work. Oxford: Oxford UP, 1995.



A-to-Z Entries
    I: Chronology and Adaptations
   II: Ulysses
  III: Finnegans Wake
  IV: Family Trees
   V: Periodicals
  VI: Bibliographies
 VII: Danteline




Arguably the greatest of the modernist writers, James Joyce was a comic genius, a formal innovator and an unsentimental poet of Irish life and language. Explored in his work are such characteristically modern themes as the nature of art, the social responsibility of the artist, the relation of the individual to social institutions, and the meaning of human life itself. In his fiction Joyce pioneered the inner monologue and stream-of-consciousness techniques, and made brilliant use of such devises as parody and pastiche. Through these he transformed the mundane details of daily life into an illuminating commentary on the larger culture.

Meant to be used and consulted while reading Joyce’s work, James Joyce A to Z is written primarily for the reader first encountering Joyce, but will  be of great use even to scholars. In a clear, concise, and accessible fashion, this book supplies the basic cultural, historical, biographical, and critical information necessary for the appreciation and enjoyment of Joyce’s writings. Indeed, James Joyce A to Z is a user-friendly companion to the man who may well be the most read, studied, and taught of all modern writers.

This essential guide includes:

・Over 800 entries, including detailed synopses and publishing histories of all his works
・Descriptions of major characters, terms, concepts, and places in Joyce’s fiction
・Detailed chronology of his writings
・Profiles of Joyce, his family, immediate circle of friends and colleagues, peers and contempolaries
・Discussions of Joyce’s intellectual and literary influences
・A working outline of Finnegans Wake and Ulysses schema
・Accounts of the censorship battles and legal travails of Dubliners and Ulysses, and the full text of Judge John M. Woolsey’s decisions to lift the ban on Ulysses
・Extensive bibliography and list of periodicals devoted to Joyce
・Numerous illustrations

“Browsers will find previously unknown material, as well as new light on what they have already grasped.”
Times Literary Supplement

“[A] must-have encyclopedia for Joyce lovers on the run.”
Literature in Transition

“This work’s breadth, detail, and judicious observation make it a unique resource for scholars and students alike.”

A. Nicholas Fargnoli is Professor of Theology and English at Molloy College. He is vice president of the James Joyce Society and founder of the Finnegans Wake Society of New York that meets regularly at the historic Gotham Book Mart in New York City. Michael Patrick Gillespie is Professor of English at Marquette University. He is the author of a number of books on modern literature including Reading the Book of Himself: Narrative Strategies in the Works of James Joyce and Oscar Wilde and the Poetics of Ambiguity.


Mark A. Wollaeger, Victor Luftig, and Robert Spoo, eds / Joyce and the Subject of History (1996)


Wollaeger, Mark A., Victor Luftig, and Robert Spoo, eds. Joyce and the Subject of History. Ann Arbor: U of Michigan P, 1996. 





References to Joyce’s Works



Part 1. Critical and Theoretical Prospects

  The History of Now: Commodity Culture and Everyday Life in Joyce

  Garry Leonard

  History as Nightmare: Joyce's Portrait to Christy Brown

  R. Brandon Kershner

  History as Text in Reverse

  Fritz Senn

  James Joyce and the Cosmopolitan Sublime

  Joseph Valente

Part 2. Ulysses and the Subject of History

  Reading Ulysses: Agency, Ideology, and the Novel

  Mark A. Wollaeger

  "Nestor" and the Nightmare: The Presence of the Great War in Ulysses

  Robert Spoo

  What Shouts in the Street: 1904, 1922, 1990-93

  Daniel Moshenberg

  Literary Tourism and Dublin's Joyce

  Victor Luftig 

Part 3. Finnegans Wake: A Present of the Pat, A History of the Future

  "Fantastic Histories": Nomadology and Female Piracy in Finnegans Wake

  Vicki Mahaffey

  The Critical History of Finnegans Wake and the Finnegans Wake of Historical Criticism

  Margot Norris

  Ireland from the Outside

  Cheryl Herr

A Bibliography of Criticism on Joyce and History

Robert Spoo






What did James Joyce think about history? He boasted that Dublin could be rebuilt from the pages of his novels, yet Joyce stopped writing essays and reviews at an age when many authors are just beginning to express themselves on important extra-literary topics – and the Joyce that emerges in biographies and memoirs is notoriously unreliable about history and politics.


In Joyce and the Subject of History, some of the brightest stars in Joyce criticism attempt to tease out the historical implications embedded in Joyce's oeuvre without conceding too much to the comprehensive historical claims of the fictions themselves. At a time when much historical work remains surprisingly under-theorized and much theoretical work excludes the detail and rigor of serious historical research, this collection attempts to bridge the gap between history and theory, to reconceive the field of literary historical scholarship as a whole. As an added resource, the book concludes with Robert Spoo's extensive annotated bibliography of historical work on Joyce. 


Despite incorporating shared assumptions and common goals, this collection was not designed to issue in consensus. "Joyce and history" remains, inevitably, an open subject, and the essays in this volume give an idea of just how open that subject is.

Historical scholars of Joyce for years to come will look first to Joyce and the Subject of History. The collection will also appeal to those interested in modernism, twentieth-century literature, Irish studies, or historical models of literary study in general.


Mark A. Wollaeger is Associate Professor of English, Vanderbilt University. Victor Luftig is Associate Professor of English and Director of Writing, Brandeis University. Robert Spoo is Associate Professor of English, University of Tulsa, and editor of the James Joyce Quarterly.


Robert H. Bell / Jocoserious Joyce: The Fate of Folly in Ulysses (1996)


Bell, Robert H. Jocoserious Joyce: The Fate of Folly in Ulysses. Gainesville: U of Florida, 1996.




Series Editor's Foreword

Preface to the Paperback Edition


Abbreviations of Works Cited


Introduction: Why Does Virag Unscrew His Head?


1.Types of Folly

 Mercurial Malachi

 Poor Dogsbody

 I Am a Fool Perhaps

 The Way a Body Can Understand 


2. The Generic Conditions

 That Plenitude of Sufferance 


 Magnetic Influence 


 The Fools Step in Where Angels Principle 


3. Carried Away by a Wave of Folly

 Re: Doublin'


 Playful Crossfire

 Proliferant Continuance 

 Seriocomic Face


4. Buck Maulligan's Revenge: Or, The Follies of "Indentity" 

 Who Is He If It's a Fair Question

 Folly Am I Writing







"Magical. The satisfying mood that this book creates, and sustains with near-total consistency throughout, carries the narrative flow as jocoseriously as Bell credits Joyce with doing in Ulysses. This is original, incisive, and enlightening criticism, a fresh approach to Ulysses that analyzes the levels and depths of its humor in a language that is consciously witty."―Bernard Benstock


"Bell joins the very thin ranks . . . of those critics who can both capture the humor of Ulysses and communicate its often serious function within the narrative. In the process, he offers new insight into many familiar characters and episodes."--Morton P. Levitt, Journal of Modern Literature


"[Bell's] witty and lucid prose is a pleasure to read, . . . [written] persuasively and fluently."--Austin Briggs, Modern Language Quarterly


"Finally, someone has sanctioned our fun. . . . This book is chockablock with information, references, discoveries, and insights."--Marilyn Reizbaum, James Joyce Literary Supplement


"Students of Ulysses will find Robert H. Bell to be a deft dissector in demonstrating his case for Buck Mulligan as 'a brilliant clown in the Shakespearean tradition,' in proving Bloom 'a holy fool,' and in making Molly a sublimely ridiculous figure whose contradictions 'represent the ultimate ascent of folly.' . . . Professor Bell shows his good sense by quoting at one juncture from the late Jimmy Durante. This is an intricate but humane treatise on 'folly' in Ulysses which finds the three major personae 'richly consistent' and the sources of their selfhood 'surprisingly familiar and traditional.'"--C. J. Fox, Times Literary Supplement


From the foreword to the paperback edition:

"Part of the original design of Florida's James Joyce Series was to keep a few of the landmark Joyce studies in print and accessible to the growing audience for Joyce scholarship. Jocoserious Joyce is one of these: an informative and entertaining treatment of the dual nature of Joyce's comedy in Ulysses. . . . The embellishments of Bell's arguments, consisting often of a number of examples for a given point, regularly put new and delightful twists on passages that have never been examined under a comic lens. We are delighted to include in our list this lasting contribution to Joyce studies."--Zack Bowen, Series Editor


Robert H. Bell is William R. Kenan, Jr., Professor of English at Williams College. He has written widely for academic journals as well as for newspapers and popular magazines.


柳瀬尚紀 / 『ジェイムズ・ジョイスの謎を解く』(1996)






序章 「当り前」からジョイスを読む

第1章 なんだか「犬」が匂う

第2章 まず、〈俺〉とジョウの会話を解いてみる

第3章 次に、バーニー・キアナンでのやりとりを検証してみる

第4章 〈俺〉の正体

第5章 〈俺〉じゃなくちゃ書けないこと

第6章 最後の謎を解く
















第1章 この世に辞書のあるかぎり




第2章 ことばの回路を八艘飛び





第3章 血のかよった訳語をもとめて




第4章 翻訳やっぱり困りっ話





第5章 辞書の百貨店








第6章 漢字の海に遊ぶ





第7章 電子辞書縦横無尽







解説 荒川洋治






小田基編、米本義孝注釈 / 『読解「ユリシーズ」』 (1996)






地 図
序 章 本書への手引き
 1 作者と作品
 2 『ユリシーズ』について 
 3 主要な人物
 4 本書の利用法と凡例
 5 辞書類とその略語
第1章 主人公の朝 第4・5挿話より 
 1 主人公登場
 2 マーサとの文通
第2章 友人の葬儀 第6挿話より
 1 ディグナムの出棺
 2 葬儀馬車の中
 3 プロスペクト墓地にて
 4 墓地での瞑想
第3章 午後3時過ぎの登場人物たち 第10挿話より
 1 ボイランを待つモリー
 2 ボイランの買い物
 3 ブルームの好色本探し 
 4 妹と会うスティーヴン
 5 ディグナム少年の意識の流れ
第4章 夕食と音楽と恋文 第11挿話より
 1 序曲部あるいはモチーフの提示
 2 ブルームの食事とディーダラスの歌
 3 マーサ宛ての手紙
 4 河岸をぶらつくブルーム


Harry Blamires / The New Bloomsday Book: A Guide Through Ulysses (3rd ed, 1996)


Blamires, Harries. The New Bloomsday Book: A  Guide Through Ulysses. 3rd ed. London: Routledge, 1996. 





Conversion table

Introductory note

Preface to the third edition

The Bloom and Daedalus family trees


Part I

 1 Telemachus

 2 Nestor

 3 Proteus


Part II

 4 Calypso

 5 The Lotus Eaters

 6 Hades

 7 Aeolus

 8 The Lestrygonians

 9 Scylla and Charybdis

 10 The Wandering Rocks

 11 The Sirens

 12 The Cyclops

 13 Nausicaa

 14 Oxen of the Sun

 15 Circe


Part III

 16 Eumaeus

 17 Ithaca

 18 Penelope





Since 1966 readers nerw to James Joyce have depended upon this essential guide to Ulysses. Harry Blamires helps readers to negotiate their way through this formidable, remarkable novel and gain an understanding of it which, without help, it might have taken several readings to achieve.


The New Bloomsday Book is a crystal clear, page-by-page, line-by-line, running commentary on the plot of Ulysses which illuminates symblic themes and structures along the way. It is a highly accessible, indispensible guide for anyone reading Joyce's masterpiece for the first time.


To ensure that Blamire's classic work will remain useful to new readers, this third edition contains the page numbering and references to three commonly read editions of Ulysses: thr Oxford University Press 'World Classics' (1993), the Penguin 'Twentieth-Century Classics' (1992) and the Gabler 'Corrected Text'(1986) editions. 


William York Tindall / A Reader's Guide to FINNEGANS WAKE (1996)


Tindall, William York. A Reader’s Guide to FINNEGANS WAKE(1969). New York: Syracuse UP, 1996. 






Chapter I (3-29) Chapter II (30-47) Chapter III (48-74) Chapter IV (75-103) Chapter V (104-25) Chapter VI (126-68) Chapter VII (169-95) Chapter VIII (196-216)
Chapter IX (219-59) Chapter X (260-308) Chapter XI (309-82) Chapter XII (383-99)
Chapter XIII (403-28) Chapter XIV (429-73) Chapter XV (474-554) Chapter XVI (555-90)
Chapter XVII (593-628)


Selective Index




“This book remains an eminently lucid and systematic exposition of the essential structure of one of the most complex and influential prose works of the century. It belongs in every library that has Finnegans Wake.” –Library Journal


For years, William York Tindall’s guide has been one of the very best ways to approach the difficult writing and complex language of James Joyce’s Finnegans Wake. Over a period of forty years, Tindall studied, instructed, and most importantly, learned from graduate students about Joyce’s greatest literary masterpiece.

  He explores and analyzes Joyce’s unexpected depths and vast collection of puns, allusions, and word plays involving more than a dozen languages, thereby breaking down the formidable barriers that can discourage readers from enjoying the humor and brilliance of Joyce.


William York Tindall was professor of English at Columbia University and the auther of numerous works on Joyce and British literature, including the Reader’s Guide to James Joyce, also published by Syracuse University Press. 




Finnegans Wakeを「読む」ための本は数多くあるが、Campbellの Skeleton Key (1949) に加えて、非常に早く(1969年)その全体像を伝えたのはTindallである。各章ごとのおおまかな内容と註が付いているため、まずはこの本でおおまかな全体像を掴むのがよいだろう。FWを読む際には常に机に置いておきたい本である。


Morris Beja and David Norris, eds. / Joyce in the Hibernian Metropolis (1996)


Beja, Morris and Norris, David, eds. Joyce in the Hibernian Metropolis. Columbus: Ohio State UP, 1996.




David Norris, Preface
Mary Robinson, Welcome Address


General Essays
Robert Adams Day, “Joyce’s AquaCities”
Vincent J. Cheng, “Catching the Conscience of a Race: Joyce and Celticism”
David Norris, “OndtHarriet, PoldyLeon and Shem the Conman”
Jeffrey Segall, “Czech Ulysses: Joyce and Political Correctness, East and West”
Louis Lentin, “I Don’t Understand. I Fall To Say. I Dearesee You Too”


Hostile Responses to Joyce
Morris Beja, “Approaching Joyce with an Attitude”
Paul Delany, “’A Would-Be-Dirty-Mind’: D.H. Lawrence as an Enemy of Joyce”
Austin Briggs, “Rebecca West vs. James Joyce, Samuel Beckett, and William Carlos Williams”


Male Feminisms: Approaching “Nausicaa”
Richard Pearce, “Introduction”
Richard Pearce, “’Nausicaa’: Monologue as Monologic”
Phillip Weinstein, “For Gerty Had her Dreams that No-one Knew Of”
Patrick McGee, “When Is a Man Not a Man? or, The Male Feminist Approaches ‘Nausicaa’”
Jennifer Levine, “’Nausicaa’: For [Wo]men Only?”


The Shorter Works
Zack Bowen, “All Things Come in Threes: Ménage à Trois in Dubliners
James D. LeBlanc, “Duffy’s Adventure: ‘A Painful Case’ as Existential Text”
Ruth Bauerle, “Dancing a Pas de Deux in Exiles’s Ménage à Quatre; or, How Many Triangles Can You Make Out of Four Characters If You Take Them Two at a Time”
Adriaan van der Weel and Ruud Hisgen, “The Wandering Gentile: Joyce’s Emotional Odyssey in Poems Penyeach
“Aeolus” without Wind
Derek Attridge, “Introduction”
Jennifer Levine, “A Brief Allegory of Readings: 1972-1992”
Daniel Ferrer, “Between Inventio and Memoria: Locations of ‘Aeolus’”
Maud Ellmann, “’Aeolus’: Reading Backward”


The Novels
Sheldon Brivic, “Stephen Haunted by His Gender: The Uncanny Portrait
Sebastian D. G. Knowles, “That Form Endearing: A Performance of Siren Songs; or, ‘I was only vamping, man’”
Mark Osteen, “Cribs in the Countinghouse: Plagiarism, Proliferation, and Labor in ‘Oxen of the Sun’”
John S. Rickard, “The Irish Undergrounds of Joyce and Heaney”
Thomas L. Burkdall, “Cinema Fakes: Film and Joycean Fantasy”
Ralph W. Rader, “Mulligan and Molly: The Beginning and the End”
Laurent Milesi, “Finnegans Wake: The Obliquity of Trans-lations”
Derek Attridge, “Countlessness of Livestories: Narrativity in Finnegans Wake






This volume collects the best essays from the 1992 International James Joyce Symposium held in Dublin, which had as its title “In the Heart of Hibernian Metropolis.” Dublin, of course, has special attraction for Joyceans as both the source and subject matter of Joyce's genius, but the essays reproduced here reflect—like the symposium itself—the newest and most exciting trends in Joyce scholarship from around the world.
  The volume includes an introductory essay by the president of the Republic of Ireland, Mary Robinson. The thirty essays that follow were selected from those delivered at nearly 120 different sessions. Faced with so many possibilities, the editors have produced a book that reflects the flavor and intellectual range of the world of Joyce studies as we head divided the volume into a section of general essays, several groupings organized around special topics (“Hostile Responses to Joyce,” “Male Feminisms,” and “’Aeolus’ without Wind”), and sections dealing with the novels and the shorter works.
  The inclusions range from major addresses to essays on topics as diverse as Joyce and race, elements of imagery in Joyce’s works, the Joyce papers of the National Library, Joyce and cinema, Joyce’s reputation (including examinations of attacks on his work), Joyce’s relationships with other writers, Leopold Bloom and being Jewish in Ireland, Joyce and feminism, musical elements in Joyce’s works, Joyce and commodity culture, Finnegans Wake and sexuality, Joyce and homosexuality, Joyce’s narrative strategies, and various theoretical questions. This collection is a vital contribution to Joycean scholarship and will be of great interest to critics, teachers, and students of James Joyce, as well as those interested in modern literature, Irish studies, and critical theory.
Contributors: Robert Adams Day, Vincent J. Cheng, David Norris, Jeffery Segall, Louis Lentin, Morris Beja, Paul Delany, Austin Briggs, Richard Pearce, Philip Weinstein, Patrick McGee, Jennifer Levine, Zack Bowen, James D. LeBlanc, Ruth Bauerle, Adriaan van der Weel, Ruud Hisgen, Derek Attridge, Dabiel Ferrer, Maud Ellmann, Sheldon Brivic, Sebastian D. G. Knowles, Mark Osteen, John S. Richard, Thomas L. Burkdall, Ralph W. Rader, and Laurent Milesi.


Morris Beja is professor of English at The Ohio State University. He is the author of James Joyce: A Literary Life, Film and Literature, and Epiphany in the Modern Novel; the editor of Perspectives on Orson Welles and Critical Essays on Virginia Woolf; and the coeditor of Coping with Joyce, James Joyce, and Samuel Beckett, among others. He is also the editor of the James Joyce Newsletter.


David Norris teaches at Trinity College, the University of Dublin, and is also a member of the Upper House of the Irish Parliament and a bureau member of the Committee on Foreign Affairs. He is the author of James Joyce’s Dublin and Beginner’s Guide to James Joyce and the coeditor of James Joyce: The Centennial Symposium


Earl G. Ingersoll / Engendered Trope in Joyce's Dubliners (1996)


Ingersoll, Earl G. Engendered Trope in Joyce's Dubliners. Carbondale and Edwardsville: outhern Illinois UP, 1996. 





1 reading Joyce with Lacan's Readers

2 Rambling Boys: "The Sisters", "An Encounter," and "Araby"

3 Confinement and the Stigma of Femininity: "Eveline," "The Boarding House," and "Clay"

4 The Joking Male: "Two Gallants," "After the Race," "Counterparts," and "Grace"

5 Prisoners of the House and Traveling Women: "A Little Cloud," "A Painful Case," "Ivy Day in the Committee Room," and "A Mother" 

6 The Gender of Travel: "The Dead"

7 Notes

Selected Bibliography 



John Wyse Jackson and Peter Costello / John Stanislaus Joyce: The Voluminous Life and Genius of James Joyce's Father (1997)



Jackson, John Wyse and Peter Costello. John Stanislaus Joyce: The Voluminous Life and Genius of James Joyce's Father. New York: St. Martin's P, 1997.




     PART I: Son

 1  Ancestral Joyces

 2  The Son of a Gentleman

 3  At St Colman's

 4  Learning to Swear

 5  His Father's Son

 6  The Queen's College, Cork

 7  Young Man About Town

 8  Something in a Distillery

 9  A Shouting Politician


      PART II: Father

10  John and May

11  Another Joyce

12  Being a Gentleman

13  Bray

14  At Bay

15  Crossing the Liffey

16  Halcyon Days

17  A Little Learning

18  A Travelling Man

19  The Boer Constructor

20  A Loving Pair of Sons

21  Shite and Onions

22  Parting Drinks

23  The Language of Music

24  A Shout in the Street

25  The Old Story


     PART III: Old Josser

26  The Patriarch Game

27  'A Gentleman No Longer in Politics'

28  Learning to Die

29  Old Man Gone

30  Recirculation


EPILOGUE: The Joyce Family Seat

  A Dublin Benchmark






The life of John Stanislaus Joyce, father of James, Fenian, Parnellite, drunk who claimed to have cured himself of syphilis. Obsessed with the burden of being the only son of an only son, John Joyce himself fathered no fewer than seventeen children with his long-suffering wife (despite many affairs and many engagements he actually married only once) but was concerned only with his eldest surviving son, James. This was through no intrinsic merit on James's part but because of John Joyce's excessive belief in the rights of primogeniture such that all his other children were excluded from his will and those who predeceased him were not even named on the family gravestone. John, as James liked to claim, gave to his son all of his wit: most of the characters in Ulysses are barely disguised friends of his and the incidents from his life pepper James's fiction. John Joyce was the most important person in James's life. But as well as the light thrown on the century's greatest novelist, this is a depiction of the high-spirits, ebulliant passions, deep depressions, good humour and warm linguistic skills of the ultimate Dublin character.


Mary Power and Ulrich Schneider, eds. / New Perspectives on Dubliners: European Joyce Studies 7 (1997)


Power, Mary and Ulrich Schneider, eds. New Perspectives on Dubliners: European Joyce Studies 7. Amsterdam: Rodopi, 1997. 






Dynamic Adjustments in Dubliners / FRITZ SENN 

Dubliners: Renewed Time after Time / FRITZ SENN 

Gnomon and Triangulation: The Stories of Childhood / WOLFGANG KARRER 

Joyce's Many Sisters and the Demodernization of Dubliners / WILLIAM JOHNSEN 

Joyce's Anamorphic Mirror in "The Sisters" / LAURENT MILESI 

"Eveline" and/as "A Painful Case": Paralysis, Desire, Signifiers / WOLFGANG WICHT 

Narrative Bread Pudding: Joyce's "The Boarding House" / MARGOT NORRIS 

“A Little Cloud” as a Little Cloud / JOHN GORDON

Money and Other Rates of Exchange: Commercial Relations and "Counterparts" / CAROL SCHLOSS

The Craft of "A Painful Case": A Study of Revisions / JANA GILES 

The Stories of Public Life / MARY POWER

From Paralysis to Para-lire: Another Reading of "A Mother" / MARIE-DOMINIQUE GARNIER

"Grace" after Piers Plowman: A Comparison of "Grace" and the Medieval Allegory of Glotoun / YVONNE STUDER

Cruxes and Grace Notes: A Hermeneutic Approach to "Grace" / ULRICH SCHNEIDER


Neil Corcoran / After Yeats and Joyce: Reading Modern Irish Literature (1997)


Corcoran, Neil. After Yeats and Joyce: Reading Modern Irish Literature. Oxford: Oxford UP, 1997. 




1 Translation

2 A Slight Inflection: Representations of the Big House

3 Lyrical Fields and Featherbeds: Representations of the Rural and the Provincial

4 Views of Dublin

5 Ulsters od the Mind: The Writing of Northern Ireland


Further Reading





Irish Literature from the 1920s onwards includes texts which have been the subjects of much critical contention. A literature which has its origins in a time of intense political turmoil, it has provoked various debates to do with definition, scope, and political complexion. This is a period in which ideas of Ireland―of people, community and nation―have been both created and reflected in its writing,  and in which conceptions of a distinct Irish identity have been artiulated, defended, and challenged.


The title After Yeats and Joyce suggests the immense influence of these two writers on the styles, stances, and preoccupations of those who have succeeded them in the twentieth century. Neil Corcoran focuses his chapters on specific themes: 'Translatios', "The Big House', ideas of the rural and the provincial , representations of Dublin, and the writing of modern Ireland. Treating such writers as Samuel Beckett, Elisabeth Bowen, Thomas Kinsella, Kate O'Braien, Seamus Heaney, Mary Lavin, and Roddy Doyle, this is a lucid and wide-ranging introduction to modern Irish writing.


’Concoran's book is lively, lucid, interestingly planned, senstitive, and possessed of great breadth.'

―Professor Edward Larrissy Deapartment of ENglish Keele University. 


鶴岡真弓 『ジョイスとケルト世界』(1997)







第一章 漂白の亡霊―ハーンの旅

    愛蘭土 ハーンの亡霊 移民の夢


第二章 エグザイル―ジョイス/ケルト/アイルランド

    エグザイル・エクササイズ 極小のなかの極大 エグザイルのねじれ 

    ケルティック・ジョイス フィンの帰還


第三章 西方(匕スペリア)の詩学―『ケルズの書』とジョイス

    エーコに倣って ジョイス以前のジョイス 原型としての書物 『ケルズの書』

    写本パロディー トゥンク・ページ 西方(匕スペリア)の詩学


第四章 西方航海譚(イムラヴァ)―聖ブレンダンの海 

    アラン島へ 岩の船―ダン・エンガス 死者たちの島 海の巡礼




終章  女神モリガン―ワイルド母子のヒベルノフィリア

    ワイルドのアイリッシュネス スペランザの息子 再生 モリガン



解説―極大の渦を巻く 谷川渥


Thomas Jackson Rice / Joyce, Chaos and Complexity (1997)

JJBN: RICE- 1997

Rice, Thomas Jackson. Joyce, Chaos and Complexity. Urbana and Chicago: U of Illinois P, 1997. 



Preface: Postmodernism and Superstition


Introduction: James Joyce, from "Scientific" Realist to Scientific "Realist"

1 The Elements of Geometry in Dubliners

2 The Aliments of Jumeantry in A Portrait of the Artist as a Young Man

3 Ulysses, Chaos, and Complexity

4 Finnegans Wake: The Complexity of Artificial Life

Appendix A: Joyce, Mathematics, and Science

Appendix B: Modern Physics


Works Cited





"This is the fullest, most articulate case I know of for Joyce's dialogue with the new sciences. It is well written, lucidly argued, and readable." - Robert Spoo, editor, James Joyce Quarterly


"Rice's engagement with chaos and complexity theories is by far the best I've seen by any literary critic. He has a major contribution to make. . . . The time is ripe for this work." - Craig Werner, author of Paradoxical Resolutions: American Fiction since James Joyce


Joyce, Chaos, and Complexity studies the manifold relations among twentieth-century mathematics and science, James Joyce's fiction, and the critical reception of Joyce's work. Calling for profound reassessments, Thomas Jackson Rice compellingly argues that Joyce's work resists postmodernist approaches of ambiguity: Joyce never abandoned his conviction that reality exists, regardless of the human ability to represent it.


Placing Joyce in his cultural context, Rice first provocatively traces the previously unacknowledged formative influence of Euclidean and non-Euclidean geometries on Dubliners and A Portrait of the Artist as a Young Man. He then demonstrates that, whne later innovations in science transformed entire worldviews, Joyce recognized conventional literary modes of representation as offering merely arbitrary constructions of this new reality. Joyce responded to these developmens in Ulysses by experimenting with perspective, embedding design, and affirming the existence of reality. Rice contends that Ulysses is a precursor to the multiple tensions of chaos theory; likewise, chaos theory can serve as a model for understanding Ulysses. In Finnegans Wake Joyce consummates his vision and anticipates the theories of complexity science through a dynamic approximation of reality.


THOMAS JACKSON RICE, a professor of English and director of Graduate Studies at the University of South Carolina, has published research guides on James Joyce, D. H. Lawrence, and Virginia Woolf.


Rosa M. Bosinelli Bollettieri and Harold F. Mosher Jr., eds / ReJoycing: New Readings of Dubliners (1998)


Bosinelli Bollettieri, Rosa M., and Harold F. Mosher Jr., eds. ReJoycing: New Readings of Dubliners. Lexington: UP of Kentucky, 1998.





Introduction / Patrick A. McCarthy

Symbolism, realism, and Style

1. A Book of Many Uncertainties: Joyce's Dubliners / Sonja Bašić

2. The Geometry of Meaning in Dubliners: A Euclidian Approach / Thomas Jackson Rice

3. Clichés and Repetition in Dubliners: The Example of "A Little Cloud" / Harold F. Mosher, Jr.

4. Text at the Crossroads: Multilingual Transformations of James Joyce's Dubliners / Jolanta W. Wawrzycka

Language and Power

5. No Cheer for "the Gratefully Oppressed": Ideology in Joyce's Dubliners / Trevor L. Williams

6. "Taking the Biscuit": Narrative Cheekiness in Dubliners / Claire A. Culleton

7. Joyce's "The Dead": The Dissolution of the Self and the Police / John Paul Riquelme

Gender and Control

8. "She Had Become a Memory": Women as Memory in James Joyce's Dubliners / Raffaella Baccolini

9. Language, Character, and Gender in the Direct Discourse of Dubliners / Marlena G. Corcoran

10. Gendered Discourse and the Structure of Joyce's "The Dead" / David Leon Higdon

Meaning Deferred and Revealed

11. Titles in Dubliners / Ulrich Schneider

12. "A Very Fine Piece of Writing": An Etymological, Dantean, and Gnostic Reading of Joyce's "Ivy Day in the Committee Room" / Michael Brian

13. The Artist Paring His Quotations: Aesthetic and Ethical Implications of the Dantean Intertext in Dubliners / Lucia Boldrini

New Directions

14. Gnomon Inverted / Fritz Senn.





ヒュー・ケナー 『ストイックなコメディアンたち―フローベール・ジョイス・ベケット』(1998)


ヒュー・ケナー『ストイックなコメディアンたち』富山英俊訳 未来社、1998年

*原書KENNER-1962:  Kenner, Hugh. Fraubert, Joyce and Beckett: The Stoic Comedians. London: Dalkey Archive Press, 1962. 











フランク・バッジェン 『「ユリシーズ」を書くジョイス』(1998)



 *原著: Budgen, Frank. James Joyce and the Making of Ulysses.





















Len Platt / Joyce and the Anglo-Irish: A Study of Joyce and the Literary Revival (1998)


Platt, Len. Joyce and the Anglo-Irish: A Study of Joyce and the Literary Revival. Amsterdam-Atlanta: Rodopi, 1998. 




Bibliographical References


1 Opening Encounters

2 Usurper

3 Corresponding with the Greeks

4 Revivalism in Popular Culture: 'Sirens' and 'Cyclops'

5 'Circe' and the Irish Literary Theatre

6 'Our Modern Babylon': Modernity and the National Culture in 'Eumaeus' and 'Ithaca'

7 Engendering Nation: Nationalism and Sexuality in 'Nausicaa', 'Oxen of the Sun' and 'Penelope'

Appendix: The Deliverer and 'Circe'






 Joyce and the Anglo-Irish is a controversial new reading of the pre-Wake fictions. Joining ranks with a number of recent studies that insist on the importance of historical contexts for understanding James Joyce, Len Platt's account has a particular focus on issues of class and culture. The Joyce that emerges from this radical reappraisal is a Catholic writer who assaults the Protestant makers of Ireland's traditional literary landscape. Far from being indifferent to the Irish Literary Revival, the James Joyce of Platt's book attacks and ridicules these revivalist writers and intellectuals who were claiming to construct the Irish nation. Examining the aesthetics and politics of revivalist culture, Len Platt's research produces a James Joyce who makes a crucial intervention in the cultural politics of nationalism. The Joyce enterprise thus becomes centrally concerned both with a disposal of the essentialist culture produced by the tradition of Samuel Ferguson, Standish O'Grady and W. B. Yeats, and a redefining of the 'uncreated conscience' of the race.


Jack W. Weaver / Joyce's Music and Noise: Theme and Variations in His Writings (1998)

JJBN: Weaver-1998

Weaver, Jack W. Joyce's Music and Noise: Theme and Variation in His Writings. Gainesville: University. P of. Florida, 1998.







Introduction: Joyce among the Music Theorists

1. Naming and Other Apprenticeship Devices

2. Words Which Are Like Music, Perhaps

3. Ulysses and the Condition of Music

4. Chaos, Noise, and Music in the Wake

Conclusion: Looking Back in Retrospective Arrangement

Appendix A: Alphabetical Letters as Musical Keys

Appendix B: Other Forms, Musical Allusions, and Techniques Mentioned in the Wake

Appendix C: Glossary of Terms and Motifs





Colleen Lamos / Deviant Modernism: Sexual and Textual Errancy in T. S. Eliot, James Joyce, and Marcel Proust (1998)


Lamos, Colleen. Deviant Modernism: Sexual and Textual Errancy in T. S. Eliot, James Joyce, and Marcel Proust. Cambridge: Cambridge UP, 1998.





List of abbreviations 


1  Straightening out literary criticism: T. S. Eliot and error



    Impure mingling 


2  The end of poetry for ladies: T. S. Eliot’s early poetry 

    The paternal citation 

    The maternal intertext 


    “Whispers of Immortality” 


    The Waste Land 

    The Family Reunion 

3  Text of error, text in error: James Joyce’s Ulysses 

    Joycean errancy 

    Cheating on the law of the father 

    Homosexual secrecy and knowledge 

4  Sexual/textual inversion: Marcel Proust 

    The erotics of reading 

    Errors of affection: Ruskin, Venice, and reading 

    Remembrance of Things Past 






結城英雄『「ユリシーズ」の謎を解く』 (1999)







第一挿話 テレマコス

第二挿話 ネストル

第三挿話 プロテウス

第四挿話 カリュプソ

第五挿話 食蓮人たち

第六挿話 ハデス

第七挿話 アイオロス

第八挿話 ライストリュゴネス族

第九挿話 スキュレとカリュブディス

第十挿話 さまよう岩々

第十一挿話 セイレン

第十二挿話 キュクロプス

第十三挿話 ナウシカア

第十四挿話 太陽神の牛

第十五挿話 キルケ

第十六挿話 エウマイオス

第十七挿話 イタケ

第十八挿話 ペネロペイア





Christine van Boheemen-Saaf / Joyce, Derrida, Lacan, and the Trauma of History (1999)


Van Boheemen-Saaf, Christine. Joyce, Derrida, Lacan, and the Trauma of History. Cambridge: Cambridge UP, 1999. 




List of abbreviations 


1  The stolen birthright: the mimesis of original loss

2  Representation in a postcolonial symbolic
     The (in) divisibility of the letter
     The transference of the text
     The semiotic status of the text

3  The language of the outlaw
     Acting out the stereotype
     The semiotics of narrative
     The presence of the void
     High modernism / poststructuralism, and the difference of Joyce
     Jouissance / the subject who shows
     The somatization of the text
     Postcolonial agency
4  The primitive scene of representation: writing gender
     The supplement of origin
     The confessing vagina and the dark continent of femininity
     The threat of an ending
     Weaving the astral body
     Fetishized writing: pen is champ
5  Materiality in Derrida, Lacan, and Joyce’s embodied text
     The letter in Lacan
     Derrida’s immaterial letter
     Derrida and filiation
     The materiality of the mother in the void of religion       
Conclusion  Joyce’s anamorphic mirror





In Joyce, Derrida, Lacan and the Trauma of History, Christine van Boheemen-Saaf examines the relationship between Joyce’s postmodern textuality and the traumatic history of colonialism in Ireland. Joyce’s influence on Lacanian psychoanalysis and Derrida’s philosophy, Van Boheemen-Saaf suggests, ought to be viewed from a postcolonial perspective. She situates Joyce’s writing as a practice of indirect ‘witnessing’ to a history that remains unspeakable. The loss of a natural relationship to language in Joyce calls for a new ethical dimension in the process of reading. The practice of reading becomes an act of empathy to what the text cannot express in words. In this way, she argues, Joyce’s work functions as a material location for the inner voice of Irish cultural memory. This book engages with a wide range of contemporary critical theory and brings Joyce’s work into dialogue with thinkers such as Žižek, Adorno, and Lyotard, as well as feminism and postcolonial theory.


Augustine Martin, ed. / James Joyce: The Artist and the Labyrinth (1990)


Martin, Augustine, editor. James Joyce: The Artist and the Labyrinth. Ryan Publishing, 1990.




The artist and the labyrinth / Augustine Martin

The language of Dubliners / TP Dolan

Joyce's legacy / Benedict Kiely

Dubliners / John McGahern

Survivors of Joyce / John Banville

A portrait of the artist as a young man / Deirdre Bair

Stephen's green : the image of Ireland in Joyce / Colbert Kearney

The poet Joyce / Eamon Grennan

Directing "Exiles" / Vincent Dowling

The rhythm of Ulysses / Clive Hart

Joyce and Homer : seeing double / Barbara Hardy

The ghosts of Ulysses / Maud Ellman

Finnegan's wake : night Joyce of a thousand tiers / Petr Skrabanek

Joyce and the folk imagination / Maureen Murphy

Joyce's precursors / A Norman Jeffares

Pound's Joyce, Eliot's Joyce / Denis Donoghue

Joyce's humanism / Brendan Kennelly

Joyce and Gogarty : royal and ancient, two hangers-on / Ulick O'Connor


Bernard Benstock / Narrative Con/Texts in Dubliners (1994)


Benstock, Bernard. Narrative Con/Texts in Dubliners. Macmillan P, 1994.




A Note on the Text

Introduction: A Confluence of Texts

Narrative Strategies: The Teller in the Dubliners Tale

Narrative Gnomonics: The Spectres in the Tales

Symbolic Systems: Correspondences in the Tales

Pounds/Shillings/Pence: The Economics in the Tales

Double Binds: Talismans of Immaturity

Duplicitous Bonds: Talents of Maturity



David Norris and Cark Flint / Joyce for Beginners (1994)


Norris, David and Cark Flint. Joyce for Beginners. Icon Books, 1994.




James Joyce is one of the key innovators of modernism, along with such figures as Picasso, Schoenberg and Stravinsky. However, a myth of Joyce's "difficulty" has taken root which discourages many readers from approaching his work. This is a great pity, because Joyce's writings are deeply human, enormously comic and make compelling reading.;Although Joyce spent much of his life in self-imposed exile, all his writings are obsessively, microscopically focussed on Dublin's fair city. This book provides a beginner's map to the labyrinth of Joyce's visionary Dublin. It takes the reader step by step from the early stories, "The Dubliners", and his immensely readable novel, "A Portrait of the Artist as a Young Man", into the sprawling comic universe of "Ulysses" and finally to the mythic dreamworld of "Finnegan's Wake". This book aims to persuade the reader to overcome his or her doubts about tackling the Irish Sphinx.


Dermot Bolger / A Dublin Bloom: An Original Free Adaptation of James Joyce's Ulysses (1995)


Bolger, Dermot. A Dublin Bloom: An Original Free Adaptation of James Joyce's Ulysses. New Island Books, 1995. 




In 1994 the Dublin novelist and playwright Dermot Bolger was commissioned to adapt the novel Ulysses for the stage as the centerpiece of Philadelphia's celebration of the 90th Bloomsday. A Dublin Bloom is the text of that commission, a dramatic and brilliant re-imagining of Joyce's world in theatrical terms.... A fresh and vigorous work of art. -- Fintan O'Toole


Donald Theall / James Joyce's Techno-Poetics (1997)


Theall, Donald. James Joyce's Techno-Poetics. U of Toronto P, 1997.




Foreword ix

Acknowledgments x

1. Punctum: An Introduction 1

Critical Cartography 3

On Approach 8

Coda 10

Part 1: Quotational Foundations

2. Modernity Draws the Line 15

A Certain History of Quotation 19

Toward Why 23

Marking the Quote 25

3. Joyce's Citational Odyssey 35

Joyce Reads 37

Dubliners: Reverence, Record, Retribution 39

A Portrait: The Quoter's Progress 43

Ulysses: Citation Beside Itself 46

Part 2: Inside the Marks: Implications

4. Self... Style. Joyce... Author 51

A Portrait: A Speaking Likeness 53

The Wizard Endures 62

5. Modern Citation, Modern Historiography 64

The Past Speaks for Itself 66

Saying the Same Thing Twice 71

Joyce and Modernist Citation 73

Part 3: Beyond Quotation: Resistances

6. Moomb 81

Orality vs. Literacy 86

Joyce and Oral Sexuality 90

Molly the Mouth 96

7. Joyce and the Joyceans 101

Against Reading 102

Under the Influence, Joyce and the Joyceans 106

Are We Now Postmodern Critics? 112

Notes 115

Bibliography 125

Index 133




Theall explores the role of science, mathematics, and technology in Ulysses and Finnegans Wake. He argues that Joyce's paramodern poetic practice has important implications for a wide variety of subsequent cultural and theoretical movements.


E. H. Mikhail, ed. / James Joyce: Interviews and Recollections (1990)


Mikhail, E. H., editor. James Joyce: Interviews and Recollections. Macmillan P, 1990.




Foreword by Frank Delaney



A Note on the Text

Chronological Table


A Sister Recalls Joyce in Dublin

May Joyce Monaghan

James Joyce at Belvedere College

John Francis Byrne

Reuben Didn't Admire James Joyce!

Francis Aylmer

'The White Bishop'

John Francis Byrne

'Diseases of the Ox'

John Francis Byrne

My School Friend, James Joyce

judge Eugene Sheehy

'An Extremely Clever Boy'

George Russell

'The Younger Generation is Knocking at My Door'

W. B. Yeats

'Joyce has Grit' Lady Gregory 19 'Jim's Character is Unsettled'

Stanislaus Joyce

James Joyce: a Portrait of the Artist

Oliver Stjohn Gogarry

The Beginnings of Joyce

William K. Magee [John Eglinton]

James Joyce as a Young Man

Padraic Colum

Joyce Among the Journalists

Piaras Biaslai

A Recollection of James Joyce

joseph Hone

James Joyce in Trieste

Italo Svevo

James Joyce: Two Reminiscences

Antonio Fonda Savio and Letizia Fonda Savio

Recollections of Joyce

Alessandro Francini Bruni

My First English Teacher

Mario Nordio

James Joyce: an Occasion of Remembrance

Nora Franca Poliaghi

Pappy Never Spoke of Jim's Books

Eileenjoyce Schaurek

Recollections of James Joyce

Frank Budgen

How I Published Ulysses

Sylvia Beach

The Joyce I Knew

Arthur Power

First Meeting with James Joyce

Wyndham Lewis

Visits with James Joyce

P. Beaumont Wadsworth

James Joyce in the Twenties

Morrill Cody

Joyce's Way of Life

Sylvia Beach

Afternoon with James Joyce

Fanny Butcher

I Met James Joyce

Nina Hamnelt

Joyce's Birthday Parties

Sisley Huddleston

At Lloyd Morris's Party

Glenway Wescott

A Drink with Joyce

Ernest Hemingway

With James Joyce

Robert McAlmon

The James Joyce I Knew

James Stephens

I Meet, in Time and Space, JamesJoyce

Robert Reid

At a Party with James Joyce

Caresse Crosby

James Joyce in Paris

Aldous Huxley

We Established No Intimacy

Richard Aldington

James Joyce

George Antheil

A Study of James Joyce

Elliot Paul

Visits fromJamesJoyce

Nancy Cunard

James Joyce: a Sketch

Desmond Harmsworth

James Joyce in Paris

Margaret Anderson

I Saw Joyce Only Once

Katherine Anne Porter

Homage to James Joyce

Eugene Jolas

Homage to James Joyce

Philippe Soupault

Homage to James Joyce

Thomas McGreevy

An Encounter with Joyce

Arthur Bliss

Joyce's Fiftieth Birthday

Rollo H. Myers


Virgil Thomson

James Joyce in Paris

Harold Nicolson

James Joyce

Gerald Griffin

James Joyce: a First Impression

James Stern

The Joyces

Giorgio Joyce

Worth Half-a-Dozen Legations Kenneth Reddin

James Joyce in Paris Mary Colum

Some Recollections of James Joyce: in London

Sylvia Lynd

The Living Joyce

Louis Gillet

James Joyce as Man and Artist

C. P. Curran

Sisters of James Joyce Mourn for Two Brothers

Memoir of the Man

Arthur Power

Joyce's Burial

Hans Gasser

I Met James Joyce's Wife

Kees Van Hoek

James Joyce's 'Nurse' Remembers

Peter Lennon


May Joyce Monaghan

Ecce Puer

Stephen Joyce

Additional Bibliography





This work attempts to provide a portrait of Joyce from many viewpoints, aiming at selecting those interviews and recollections that have not been reprinted as well as those that are not readily accessible. James Joyce was a self-centred man. Unlike Wilde and Behan, who were too busy living to write, Joyce, like O'Casey and Yeats, gave the totality of his life to his art. He did not find his diversion in his friends because of the exigencies of his work. However, he was not unsociable - he was capable of strong friendships and the number of people who knew him was enormous, as this collection tries to reflect.


Eloise Knowlton / Joyce, Joyceans, and the Rhetoric of Citation (1998)


Knowlton, Eloise. Joyce, Joyceans, and the Rhetoric of Citation. UP of Florida, 1998.





Foreword ix

Acknowledgments x

1. Punctum: An Introduction 1

Critical Cartography 3

On Approach 8

Coda 10

Part 1: Quotational Foundations

2. Modernity Draws the Line 15

A Certain History of Quotation 19

Toward Why 23

Marking the Quote 25

3. Joyce's Citational Odyssey 35

Joyce Reads 37

Dubliners: Reverence, Record, Retribution 39

A Portrait: The Quoter's Progress 43

Ulysses: Citation Beside Itself 46

Part 2: Inside the Marks: Implications

4. Self... Style. Joyce... Author 51

A Portrait: A Speaking Likeness 53

The Wizard Endures 62

5. Modern Citation, Modern Historiography 64

The Past Speaks for Itself 66

Saying the Same Thing Twice 71

Joyce and Modernist Citation 73

Part 3: Beyond Quotation: Resistances

6. Moomb 81

Orality vs. Literacy 86

Joyce and Oral Sexuality 90

Molly the Mouth 96

7. Joyce and the Joyceans 101

Against Reading 102

Under the Influence, Joyce and the Joyceans 106

Are We Now Postmodern Critics? 112

Notes 115

Bibliography 125

Index 133 




"A new way to discuss Joyce's nearly impossibly complex compositional habits. . . . Knowlton has so sensitized the reader to the issue of ‘quotation’ that . . . [she] permits discussions which have simply not been possible before."--Garry Leonard, University of Toronto


James Joyce never used quotation marks, calling them "perverted" and "unreal." This book springs from that aversion, presenting the first full account of citation from the ancient world forward and tracing Joyce's transgressive relation to that history from Memorabilia to Finnegans Wake.

Eloise Knowlton argues that Joyce's rejection of the mark signals a wider and deeper rejection of the system it implements, one in which the subject/object separation presents an orderly containment of language and of readers. In part through his Irish oral heritage, Joyce inherited a tradition that dissolves these boundaries. Knowlton thus reads Joyce as both hinge and transition, as a voice moving between modern literary and philosophic history and what she calls a "postmodern meltdown of intertextuality."

From the literature of classical antiquity to Foucault, Barthes, and Derrida, Knowlton locates the rhetoric of quotation at four places crucial to contemporary debates: authorship, feminism, historiography, and modern criticism. While exploring the long-standing and incomplete discussion about language ownership, the book offers an original assessment of difficult Joyce texts and Joyce criticism and an illuminating discussion of the status of modern scholarship.


Eloise Knowlton is assistant professor of humanities at Boston University. Her essays have appeared in Style, Children's Literature Association Quarterly, and in the anthology Re-Reading the New.


Fritz Senn / Inductive Scrutinies: Focus on Joyce (1995)


Senn, Fritz. Inductive Scrutinies: Focus on Joyce. The Johns Hopkins UP, 1995.




Introductory Scrutinies: Focus on Senn

Instead of a Preface: The Creed

Joyce the Verb

Joycean Provections

In Quest of a nisus formativus Joyceanus

Anagnostic Probes

Sequential Close-Ups in Joyce’s Ulysses

Remodelling Homer

Protean Inglossabilities: ‘To No End Gathered’

‘All Kinds of Words Changing Colour’: Lexical Clashes in ‘Eumaeus’

Eumaean Titbits – As Someone Somewhere Sings

In Classical Idiom: anthologia intertextualis

Beyond the Lexicographer’s Reach: Literary Overdetermination

Linguistic Dissatisfaction at the Wake.




Inductive Scrutinies gathers some of Fritz Senn’s major essays of the last ten years. Based principally on Ulysses, they display anew his regard for Joyce’s text in all its detail. The selection does not attempt a broad overview of Senn’s writing, nor is it organized around a single theme: rather it is meant to show his lifelong interest in the workings of language – its limitations, disruptive energies, its allusive potential within and beyond a single work. In particular it demonstrates continuing concern with the problems of annotation as well as with the reader’s pleasurable and active participation. In the editor’s words, ‘His chosen playground is Joyce as something written, to be scrutinized with dedication. An extraordinary familiarity with the text underlies his response, and his imaginative and nimble explorations always start with and return to Joyce’s word.'


Garry Leonard / Advertising and Commodity Culture in Joyce (1998)


Leonard, Garry. Advertising and Commodity Culture in Joyce. UP of Florida, 1998.




Foreword ix

Preface xi

Introduction: A Capital Couple-Joyce and Advertising 1

1. Advertising and Religion: The New (Improved!) Testament 35

2. Kitschy, Kitschy Coup: "Life" and "History"

in a World of Mass-Produced Objects 50

3. Power, Pornography, and the Problem of Pleasure:

The Semerotics of Desire and Commodity Culture 72

4. The Virgin Mary and the Urge in Gerty:

Praying, Buying, and the Packaging of Desire 98

5. Molly Bloom's "Lifestyle": The Performative as Normative 142

6. When a Fly Gets in Your I: The City, Modernism, and

Aesthetic Theory in A Portrait of the Artist as a Young Man 175

Notes 209

Bibliography 231

Index 237




Garry Leonard looks in detail at Joyce’s representation of a phenomenon that dominates the contemporary landscape: advertising. Taking readers back to its beginnings, Leonard shows that advertising was a central preoccupation of Joyce, one that helps us unravel his often difficult style.

Building on the work of cultural theorists like Lacan, Foucault, Baudrillard, Irigiray, and others, Leonard examines commodity culture in Joyce's work and demonstrates the ways in which characters use (or are used by) modern advertising techniques to make their own identities more intelligible and to fill the Lacanian "permanent lack" of modern identity.


The commonality of religion and advertising, the use of "kitsch" as a rhetorical device, the commodity market's exploitation of the proletariat, the role of pornography, the impact of advertising's "normative" modes of dress and behavior, and the role of the modern city as a modernist trope are all explored as aspects of Joyce's work or as pressures faced by his characters. As Leonard demonstrates, "culture" in Joyce is the product of a complex response to psychological, sociological, political, economic, and aesthetic pressures. In Joyce, advertising, as a product of that culture, serves both to reinforce the hegemonic discourse of the day and to subvert it.


Excellent work has been done on aspects of commodity culture in Joyce by writers as diverse as Bonnie Kime Scott, Jennifer Wicke, and Brandon Kershner (Joyce and Popular Culture, UPF, 1996), but Leonard's is the first comprehensive study of Joyce and the advertising/commodity nexus, certain to be of equal interest to students and scholars of Joyce, modernism, and cultural studies. 


Geert Lernout, ed. / Finnegans Wake: Fifty Years (1990)


Lernout, Geert, editor. Finnegans Wake: Fifty Years. Editions Rodopi B. V., 1990.




Bibliographical Note


Geert Lemout

Reading Joyce's Notebooks?! Finnegans Wake From Within

David Hayman

In the buginning is the woid: James Joyce and Genetic Criticism

Claude Jacquet

Digressions of the Book for AlleMannen

Elisabeth Ruge, Reinhard Schafer, Dirk Vanderbeke

Vico's Method and its Relation to Joyce's

Klaus Reichert

Vexations of Group Reading: "transluding from the otherman"

Fritz Senn

Metaphors of the Quest in Finnegans Wake

Laurent Milesi

HCE and the Fall of Pelagius

Vincent Deane 

ALP's "Sein" und "Zeit": Questions of Finnegans Wake's Being and Language in a Philosophical Context

Alan Roughley

The Letter! The Litter! The Defilements of the Signifier in Finnegans Wake

Hanjo Berressem

A Nice Beginning: On the Ulysses / Finnegans Wake Interface

Danis Rose & John O'Hanlon 


Garry Leonard / Reading Dubliners Again: A Lacanian Perspective (1993)


Leonard, Garry. Reading Dubliners Again: A Lacanian Perspective. Syracuse UP, 1993.






1. Spilling Whiskey on the Corpus

Jacques Lacan and Dubliners

2. The Free Man's Journal

The Making of His[S]tory in "The Sisters"

3. The Detective and the Cowboy

Desire, Gender, and Perversion in "An Encounter" 56

4. The Question and the Quest

The Story of Mangan's Sister

5. Wondering Where All the Dust Comes From

Jouissance in "Eveline"

6. Living for the Other in "After the Race"

7. Men in Love

The Woman as Object of Exchange in "Two Gallants"

8. Ejaculations and Silence

Sex and the Symbolic Order in "The Boarding House"

9. "Why had he married the eyes in the photograph?"

The Gaze in "A Little Cloud"

10. In No Case Shall the Said Bernard Bernard Bodley Be...

Repetition and Being in "Counterparts"

11. Where the Corkscrew Was

The Purpose of Insignificance in Joyce's "Clay"

12. Love in the Third Person in "A Painful Case"

13. "It'll be all right when King Eddie comes"

The Pathetic Phallacy in "Ivy Day in the Committee Room"

14. Mrs. Kearney and the "Moral Umbrella" of Mr. O'Madden Burke

A Mother's Quest for the Phallus

15. "With God's grace I will rectify this and this"

Masculinity Regained in "Grace"

16. "Perhaps she had not told him the whole story"

The Woman as a Symptom of Masculinity in "The Dead"

17. Boxing My Own Corner


Works Cited 



George Healey, ed. The Complete Dublin Diary of Stanislaus Joyce (1994)


Healey, George, editor. The Complete Dublin Diary of Stanislaus Joyce. Anna Livia P, 1994.





The Complete Dublin Diary



Harry Blamires / The New Bloomsday Book: A Guide Through Ulysses (1996)


Blamires, Harry. The New Bloomsday Book: A Guide Through Ulysses. Routledge, 1996.






Conversion table

Introductory note

Preface to the third edition

The Bloom and Dedalus family trees


1 Telemachus

2 Nestor

3 Proteus


4 Calypso

5 Lotus Eaters

6 Hades

7 Aeolus

8 The Lestrygonians

9 Scylla and Charybdis

10 Wandering Rocks

11 Siren

12 Cyclops

13 Nausicaa

14Cow of the Sun

15 Circe

Part III

16 Eumacus

17 Ithaca

18 Penelope



John Jackson and Peter Costello / John Stanislaus Joyce: The Voluminous Life and Genius of James Joyce's Father (1998)


Jackson, John and Peter Costello. John Stanislaus Joyce: The Voluminous Life and Genius of James Joyce's Father. Fourth Estate, 1998.




Foreword xiii 


1 Ancestral Joyces

2 The Son of a Gentleman

3 At St Colman's

4 Learning to Swear

5 His Father's Son

6 The Queen's College, Cork

7 Young Man About Town

8 Something in a Distillery

9 A Shouting Politician

PART II: Father

10 John and May

11 Another Joyce

12 Being a Gentleman

13 Bray

14 At Bay

15 Crossing the Liffey

16 Halcyon Days

17 A Little Learning

18 A Travelling Man

19 The Boer Constructor

20 A Loving Pair of Sons

21 Shite and Onions

22 Parting Drinks

23 The Language of Music

24 A Shout in the Street

25 The Old Story

PART III: Old Josser

26 The Patriarch Game

27 'A Gentleman No Longer in Politics'

28 Learning to Die

29 Old Man Gone

30 Recirculation

EPILOGUE: The Joyce Family Seat A Dublin Benchmark





John S. Rickard / Joyce's Book of Memory: The Mnemotechnic of Ulysses (1998)


Rickard, John S. Joyce's Book of Memory: The Mnemotechnic of Ulysses. Duke UP, 1998.






1. Personal Memory and the Construction of the Self

2. The Past as Obstruction

3. Memory, Destiny, and the Limits of the Self

4. Joyce's Mnemotechnic: Textual Memory in Ulysses

5. Intertextual Memory







John Warner / Joyce's Grandfathers: Myth and History in Defoe, Smollett, Sterne, and Joyce (1993)


Warner, John. Joyce's Grandfathers: Myth and History in Defoe, Smollett, Sterne, and Joyce. U of Georgia P, 1993.







I Myth, History, and Mediation

2 Mythic and Historic Time in Defoe

3 Mythic and Historic Language in Smollett

4 Mythic and Historic Plotting in Sterne

5 Time, Language, and Plot in Ulysses









Deriving its title from Stephen Dedalus's observation in "Ulysses" that the artist is the "father of all his race, the father of his own grandfather", "Joyce's Grandfathers" is a study of literary relationship and the ways in which a truly new work of art can shed new light on the themes and techniques of older ones. John M. Warner first places "Ulysses" within the tradition of the English novel and then reads the works of earlier writers - Defoe, Smollet and Sterne - "through the lens" of Joyce's masterpiece. The result is a significant addition to the study of both 18th- and 20th-century literature. Warner contends that Joyce's experimentation with narrative form was in large part a reaction against the realistic, diachronic mode of fiction that predominated during the 19th century. In Defoe, Smollet, and Sterne, Joyce found not only earlier challenges to that mode but also "a revolutionary nostalgia for myth that paralleled his own response to his rationalistic culture". Yet their works also revealed a clear responsiveness to historical circumstances, creating a tension between the timelessness of myth and the chronology of history.


Unlike the realists, these particular 18th-century novelists "did not try to conceal the tensions between the synchronic and diachronic thrusts of their fiction but rather explored them openly, unafraid of jagged edges and cacophonous effect". It was these explorations that Joyce found especially useful in the writing of "Ulysses". By compelling us to look backward and to see what he saw in his 18th-century forebears, Warner argues, Joyce "recreates" them for us. This study is thus as much an effort to recontextualise the writing of Defoe, Smollet, and Sterne as it is to place "Ulysses" within the tradition of the English novel. The usual mode of the literary historian is to locate the influence of an earlier work on a later one. By deliberately evoking a double perspective on literary history, however, Warner enables us to understand how Joyce both uses and creates a tradition for his novel - how he "fathers his own grandfathers".

John Wyse Jackson and Bernard McGinley / James Joyce's Dubliners: An Annotated Edition (1993)


Jackson, John Wyse and Bernard McGinley. James Joyce's Dubliners: An Annotated Edition. Sinclair-Stevenson, 1993.




Map: North central Dublin


Map: South central Dublin



Irish Homestead version of "The Sisters'



Young Adulthood





Mature Life





Public Life




'The Dead'






This brilliantly annotated and fully illustrated text, with over 300 line drawings and photographs, is the ultimate Joyce volume, a classic for Joyce and Dublin Lovers for years to come.